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Afghanistan


    • Overview:
      Afghanistan is an extremely poor, landlocked country, highly dependent on farming (wheat especially) and livestock raising (sheep and goats). Economic considerations have played second fiddle to political and military upheavals during more than 15 years of war, including the nearly 10-year Soviet military occupation (which ended 15 February 1989). Over the past decade, one-third of the population fled the country, with Pakistan sheltering more than 3 million refugees and Iran about 3 million. About 1.4 million Afghan refugees remain in Pakistan and about 2 million in Iran. Another 1 million probably moved into and around urban areas within Afghanistan. Although reliable data are unavailable, gross domestic product is lower than 13 years ago because of the loss of labor and capital and the disruption of trade and transport.

    • National product:
      GDP $NA

    • National product real growth rate:
      NA%

    • National product per capita:
      $NA

    • Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      56.7% (1991)

    • Unemployment rate:
      NA%

    • Budget:

        revenues:
        $NA

        expenditures:
        $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

    • Exports:
      $188.2 million (f.o.b., 1991)

        commodities:
        fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems

        partners:
        FSU countries, Pakistan, Iran, Germany, India, UK, Belgium, Luxembourg, Czechoslovakia

    • Imports:
      $616.4 million (c.i.f., 1991)

        commodities:
        food and petroleum products; most consumer goods

        partners:
        FSU countries, Pakistan, Iran, Japan, Singapore, India, South Korea, Germany

    • External debt:
      $2.3 billion (March 1991 est.)

    • Industrial production:
      growth rate 2.3% (FY90/91 est.); accounts for about 25% of GDP

    • Electricity:

        capacity:
        480,000 kW

        production:
        550 million kWh

        consumption per capita:
        39 kWh (1993)

    • Industries:
      small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, and cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, oil, coal, copper

    • Agriculture:
      largely subsistence farming and nomadic animal husbandry; cash products - wheat, fruits, nuts, karakul pelts, wool, mutton

    • Illicit drugs:
      an illicit cultivator of opium poppy and cannabis for the international drug trade; world's second-largest opium producer after Burma (950 metric tons in 1994) and a major source of hashish

    • Economic aid:

        recipient:
        $450 million US assistance provided 1985-1993; the UN provides assistance in the form of food aid, immunization, land mine removal, and a wide range of aid to refugees and displaced persons

    • Currency:
      1 afghani (AF) = 100 puls

    • Exchange rates:
      afghanis (Af) per US$1 - 1,900 (January 1994), 1,019 (March 1993), 850 (1991), 700 (1989-90), 220 (1988-89); note - these rates reflect the free market exchange rates rather than the official exchange rates

    • Fiscal year:
      21 March - 20 March






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