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Afghanistan


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Islamic State of Afghanistan

        conventional short form:
        Afghanistan

        local long form:
        Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan

        local short form:
        Afghanestan

        former:
        Republic of Afghanistan

    • Digraph:
      AF

    • Type:
      transitional government

    • Capital:
      Kabul

    • Administrative divisions:
      30 provinces (velayat, singular - velayat); Badakhshan, Badghis, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamian, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghowr, Helmand, Herat, Jowzjan, Kabol, Kandahar, Kapisa, Konar, Kondoz, Laghman, Lowgar, Nangarhar, Nimruz, Oruzgan, Paktia, Paktika, Parvan, Samangan, Sar-e Pol, Takhar, Vardak, Zabol

        note:
        there may be two new provinces of Nurestan (Nuristan) and Khowst

    • Independence:
      19 August 1919 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Victory of the Muslim Nation, 28 April; Remembrance Day for Martyrs and Disabled, 4 May; Independence Day, 19 August

    • Constitution:
      none

    • Legal system:
      a new legal system has not been adopted but the transitional government has declared it will follow Islamic law (Shari'a)

    • Suffrage:
      undetermined; previously males 15-50 years of age, universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Burhanuddin RABBANI (Interim President July-December 1992; President since 2 January 1993); Vice President Mohammad NABI MOHAMMADI (since NA); election last held 31 December 1992 (next to be held NA); results - Burhanuddin RABBANI was elected to a two-year term by a national shura, later amended by multi-party agreement to 18 months; note - in June 1994 failure to agree on a transfer mechanism resulted in RABBANI's extending the term to 28 December 1994; following the expiration of the term and while negotiations on the formation of a new government go on, RABBANI continues in office

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Gulbuddin HIKMATYAR (since 17 March 1993); note - Prime Minister HIKMATYAR is the nominal head of government and does not have any real authority; First Deputy Prime Minister Qutbuddin HELAL (since 17 March 1993); Deputy Prime Minister Arsala RAHMANI (since 17 March 1993)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers

        note:
        term of present government expired 28 December 1994; factional fighting since 1 January 1994 has kept government officers from actually occupying ministries and discharging government responsibilities; the government's authority to remove cabinet members, including the Prime Minister, following the expiration of their term is questionable

    • Legislative branch:
      a unicameral parliament consisting of 205 members was chosen by the shura in January 1993; non-functioning as of June 1993

    • Judicial branch:
      an interim Chief Justice of the Supreme Court has been appointed, but a new court system has not yet been organized

    • Political parties and leaders:
      current political organizations include Jamiat-i-Islami (Islamic Society), Burhanuddin RABBANI, Ahmad Shah MASOOD; Hizbi Islami-Gulbuddin (Islamic Party), Gulbuddin HIKMATYAR faction; Hizbi Islami-Khalis (Islamic Party), Yunis KHALIS faction; Ittihad-i-Islami Barai Azadi Afghanistan (Islamic Union for the Liberation of Afghanistan), Abdul Rasul SAYYAF; Harakat-Inqilab-i-Islami (Islamic Revolutionary Movement), Mohammad Nabi MOHAMMADI; Jabha-i-Najat-i-Milli Afghanistan (Afghanistan National Liberation Front), Sibghatullah MOJADDEDI; Mahaz-i-Milli-Islami (National Islamic Front), Sayed Ahamad GAILANI; Hizbi Wahdat-Khalili faction (Islamic Unity Party), Abdul Karim KHALILI; Hizbi Wahdat-Akbari faction (Islamic Unity Party), Mohammad Akbar AKBARI; Harakat-i-Islami (Islamic Movement), Mohammed Asif MOHSENI; Jumbesh-i-Milli Islami (National Islamic Movement), Abdul Rashid DOSTAM; Taliban (Religious Students Movement), Mohammad OMAR

        note:
        the former ruling Watan Party has been disbanded

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      the former resistance commanders are the major power brokers in the countryside and their shuras (councils) are now administering most cities outside Kabul; tribal elders and religious students are trying to wrest control from them; ulema (religious scholars); tribal elders; religious students (talib)

    • Member of:
      AsDB, CP, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, IOC, ITU, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Abdul RAHIM

        chancery:
        2341 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 234-3770, 3771

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 328-3516

        consulate(s) general:
        New York

        consulate(s):
        Washington, DC

    • US diplomatic representation:
      none; embassy was closed in January 1989

    • Flag:
      NA; note - the flag has changed at least twice since 1992






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