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Afghanistan


    • Population:
      21,251,821 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        42% (female 4,342,218; male 4,507,141)

        15-64 years:
        56% (female 5,406,675; male 6,443,734)

        65 years and over:
        2% (female 256,443; male 295,610) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      14.47% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      42.69 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      18.53 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      120.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      152.8 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        45.37 years

        male:
        45.98 years

        female:
        44.72 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      6.21 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Afghan(s)

        adjective:
        Afghan

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Pashtun 38%, Tajik 25%, Uzbek 6%, Hazara 19%, minor ethnic groups (Chahar Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others)

    • Religions:
      Sunni Muslim 84%, Shi'a Muslim 15%, other 1%

    • Languages:
      Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

        total population:
        29%

        male:
        44%

        female:
        14%

    • Labor force:
      4.98 million

        by occupation:
        agriculture and animal husbandry 67.8%, industry 10.2%, construction 6.3%, commerce 5.0%, services and other 10.7% (1980 est.)






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