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Benin


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Benin

        conventional short form:
        Benin

        local long form:
        Republique du Benin

        local short form:
        Benin

        former:
        Dahomey

    • Digraph:
      BN

    • Type:
      republic under multiparty democratic rule dropped Marxism-Leninism December 1989; democratic reforms adopted February 1990; transition to multiparty system completed 4 April 1991

    • Capital:
      Porto-Novo

    • Administrative divisions:
      6 provinces; Atakora, Atlantique, Borgou, Mono, Oueme, Zou

    • Independence:
      1 August 1960 (from France)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, 1 August (1990)

    • Constitution:
      2 December 1990

    • Legal system:
      based on French civil law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Nicephore SOGLO (since 4 April 1991); election last held 10 and 24 March 1991 (next election 1996); results - Nicephore SOGLO 68%, Mathieu KEREKOU 32%

        cabinet:
        Executive Council; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale):
        elections last held 28 March 1995; results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (83 total) Renaissance Party and allies 20, PRD 19, FARD-ALAFIA 10, PSD 7, NCC 3, RDL-VIVOTEN 3, Communist Party 2, Alliance Chameleon 1, RDP 1, ADP 1, other 16

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      as of August 1994, 72 political parties were officially recognized; the following are among the most important: Alliance of the Democratic Union for the Forces of Progress (UDFP), Timothee ADANLIN; Movement for Democracy and Social Progress (MDPS), Jean-Roger AHOYO; Union for Liberty and Development (ULD), Marcellin DEGBE; Alliance of the National Party for Democracy and Development (PNDD) and the Democratic Renewal Party (PRD), Pascal Chabi KAO; Alliance of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the National Union for Solidarity and Progress (UNSP), Bruno AMOUSSOU; Our Common Cause (NCC), Albert TEVOEDJRE; National Rally for Democracy (RND), Joseph KEKE; Alliance of the National Movement for Democracy and Development (MNDD), leader NA; Movement for Solidarity, Union, and Progress (MSUP), Adebo ADENIYI; Union for Democracy and National Reconstruction (UDRN), Azaria FAKOREDE; Union for Democracy and National Solidarity (UDS), Mama Amadou N'DIAYE; Assembly of Liberal Democrats for National Reconstruction (RDL), Severin ADJOVI; Alliance for Social Democracy (ASD), Robert DOSSOU; Bloc for Social Democracy (BSD), Michel MAGNIDE; Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ADP), Akindes ADEKPEDJOU, and the Democratic Union for Social Renewal (UDRS), Bio Gado Seko N'GOYE; National Union for Democracy and Progress (UNDP), Robert TAGNON; Party for Progress and Democracy, Thiophile NATA; FARD-ALAFIA, Mathieu KEREKOU; The Renaissance Party, Nicephore SOGLO; The Patriotic Union for the Republic (UPR), Jean-Marie ZAHOUN; Union for the Conservation of Democracy, Bernard HOUEGNON

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Lucien Edgar TONOUKOUIN

        chancery:
        2737 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 232-6656, 6657, 6658

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 265-1996

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ruth A. DAVIS

        embassy:
        Rue Caporal Bernard Anani, Cotonou

        mailing address:
        B. P. 2012, Cotonou

        telephone:
        [229] 30-06-50, 30-05-13, 30-17-92

        FAX:
        [229] 41-15-22

    • Flag:
      two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and red with a vertical green band on the hoist side






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