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Bulgaria


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Bulgaria

        conventional short form:
        Bulgaria

    • Digraph:
      BU

    • Type:
      emerging democracy

    • Capital:
      Sofia

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 provinces (oblasti, singular - oblast); Burgas, Grad Sofiya, Khaskovo, Lovech, Montana, Plovdiv, Ruse, Sofiya, Varna

    • Independence:
      22 September 1908 (from Ottoman Empire)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day 3 March (1878)

    • Constitution:
      adopted 12 July 1991

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system, with Soviet law influence; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal and compulsory

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Zhelyu Mitev ZHELEV (since 1 August 1990); Vice President (vacant); election last held January 1992; results - Zhelyu ZHELEV was elected by popular vote

        head of government:
        Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) Zhan VIDENOV (since 25 January 1995); Deputy Prime Ministers Doncho KONAKCHIEV, Kiril TSOCHEV, Rumen GECHEV, Svetoslav SHIVAROV (since 25 January 1995)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; elected by the National Assembly

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly (Narodno Sobranie):
        last held 18 December 1994 (next to be held NA 1997); results - BSP 43.5%, UDF 24.2%, PU 6.5%, MRF 5.4%, BBB 4.7%; seats - (240 total) BSP 125, UDF 69, PU 18, MRF 15, BBB 13

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court, Constitutional Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP), Zhan VIDENOV, chairman; Union of Democratic Forces (UDF), Ivan KOSTOV an alliance of pro-Democratic parties; People's Union (PU), Stefan SAVOV; Movement for Rights and Freedoms (mainly ethnic Turkish party) (MRF), Ahmed DOGAN; Bulgarian Business Bloc (BBB), George GANCHEV

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Democratic Alliance for the Republic (DAR); New Union for Democracy (NUD); Ecoglasnost; Podkrepa Labor Confederation; Fatherland Union; Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP); Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Bulgaria (KNSB); Bulgarian Agrarian National Union - United (BZNS); Bulgarian Democratic Center; "Nikola Petkov" Bulgarian Agrarian National Union; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Union of Macedonian Societies (IMRO-UMS); numerous regional, ethnic, and national interest groups with various agendas

    • Member of:
      ACCT, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CEI (associate members), EBRD, ECE, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, NAM (guest), NSG, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Snezhana Damianova BOTUSHAROVA

        chancery:
        1621 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 387-7969

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 234-7973

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador William D. MONTGOMERY

        embassy:
        1 Saborna Street, Sofia

        mailing address:
        Unit 1335, Sofia; APO AE 09213-1335

        telephone:
        [359] (2) 88-48-01 through 05

        FAX:
        [359] (2) 80-19-77

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red; the national emblem formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe has been removed - it contained a rampant lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red five-pointed star and above a ribbon bearing the dates 681 (first Bulgarian state established) and 1944 (liberation from Nazi control)






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