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Colombia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Colombia

        conventional short form:
        Colombia

        local long form:
        Republica de Colombia

        local short form:
        Colombia

    • Digraph:
      CO

    • Type:
      republic; executive branch dominates government structure

    • Capital:
      Bogota

    • Administrative divisions:
      32 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital district* (distrito capital); Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlantico, Bogota*, Bolivar, Boyaca, Caldas, Caqueta, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choco, Cordoba, Cundinamarca, Guainia, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Narino, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindio, Risaralda, San Andres y Providencia, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupes, Vichada

    • Independence:
      20 July 1810 (from Spain)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 20 July (1810)

    • Constitution:
      5 July 1991

    • Legal system:
      based on Spanish law; a new criminal code modeled after US procedures was enacted in 1992-93; judicial review of executive and legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal and compulsory

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Ernesto SAMPER Pizano (since 7 August 1994); election last held 29 May 1994 (next to be held May 1998) and resulted in no candidate receiving more than 50% of the total vote; a run-off election to select a president from the two leading candidates was held on 19 June 1994; results - Ernesto SAMPER Pizano (Liberal Party) 50.4%, Andres PASTRANA Arango (Conservative Party) 48.6%, blank votes 1%; Humberto de la CALLE was elected vice president in a new proceedure that replaces the traditional designation of vice presidents by newly elected presidents.

        cabinet:
        Cabinet

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral Congress (Congreso)

        Senate (Senado):
        elections last held 13 March 1994 (next to be held NA March 1998); preliminary results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (102 total) Liberal Party 59, conservatives (includes PC, MSN, and NDF) 31, other 12

        House of Representatives (Camara de Representantes):
        elections last held 13 March 1994 (next to be held NA March 1998); preliminary results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (161 total) Liberal Party 89, conservatives (includes PC, MSN, and NDF) 53, AD/M-19 2, other 17

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justical), Constitutional Court, Council of State

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Liberal Party (PL), Juan Guillermo ANGEL; Conservative Party (PC), Fabio VALENCIA Cossio; National Salvation Movement (MSN), Alvaro GOMEZ Hurtado; New Democratic Force (NDF), Andres PASTRANA Arango; Democratic Alliance M-19 (AD/M-19) is a coalition of small leftist parties and dissident liberals and conservatives; Patriotic Union (UP) is a legal political party formed by Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and Colombian Communist Party (PCC), Carlos ROMERO

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      three insurgent groups are active in Colombia - Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Manuel MARULANDA and Alfonso CANO; National Liberation Army (ELN), Manuel PEREZ; and dissidents of the recently demobilized People's Liberation Army (EPL), Francisco CARABALLO; Francisco CARABALLO was captured by the government in June 1994

    • Member of:
      AG, CCC, CDB, CG, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-24, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS, ONUSAL, OPANAL, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNPROFOR, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Carlos LLERAS de la Fuente

        chancery:
        2118 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 387-8338

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 232-8643

        consulate(s) general:
        Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, San Juan (Puerto Rico), and Washington, DC

        consulate(s):
        Atlanta and Tampa

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Myles R. R. FRECHETTE

        embassy:
        Calle 38, No. 8-61, Bogota

        mailing address:
        Apartado Aereo 3831, Bogota; APO AA 34038

        telephone:
        [57] (1) 320-1300

        FAX:
        [57] (1) 288-5687

        consulate(s):
        Barranquilla

    • Flag:
      three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double-width), blue, and red; similar to the flag of Ecuador, which is longer and bears the Ecuadorian coat of arms superimposed in the center






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