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Czech Republic


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Czech Republic

        conventional short form:
        Czech Republic

        local long form:
        Ceska Republika

        local short form:
        Cechy

    • Digraph:
      EZ

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Prague

    • Administrative divisions:
      8 regions (kraje, kraj - singular); Jihocesky, Jihomoravsky, Praha, Severocesky, Severomoravsky, Stredocesky, Vychodocesky, Zapadocesky

    • Independence:
      1 January 1993 (from Czechoslovakia)

    • National holiday:
      National Liberation Day, 9 May; Founding of the Republic, 28 October

    • Constitution:
      ratified 16 December 1992; effective 1 January 1993

    • Legal system:
      civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal code modified to bring it in line with Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) obligations and to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Vaclav HAVEL (since 26 January 1993); election last held 26 January 1993 (next to be held NA January 1998); results - Vaclav HAVEL elected by the National Council

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Vaclav KLAUS (since NA June 1992); Deputy Prime Ministers Ivan KOCARNIK, Josef LUX, Jan KALVODA (since NA June 1992)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral National Council (Narodni rada)

        Senate:
        elections not yet held; seats (81 total)

        Chamber of Deputies:
        elections last held 5-6 June 1992 (next to be held NA 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA given breakup and realignment of all parliamentary opposition parties since 1992; seats - (200 total) governing coalition: ODS 65, KDS 10, ODA 16, KDU-CSL 15, opposition: CSSD 18, LB 25, KSCM 10, LSU 9, LSNS 5, CMSS 9, SPR-RSC 6, independents 12

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court, Constitutional Court

    • Political parties and leaders:

        governing coalition:
        Civic Democratic Party (ODS), Vaclav KLAUS, chairman; Christian Democratic Party (KDS), Ivan PILIP, chairman; Civic Democratic Alliance (ODA), Jan KALVODA, chairman; Christian Democratic Union/Czech People's Party (KDU-CSL), Josef LUX, chairman

        opposition:
        Czech Social Democrats (CSSD - left opposition), Milos ZEMAN, chairman; Left Bloc (LB - left opposition), Marie STIBOROVA, chairman; Communist Party (KSCM - left opposition), Miroslav GREBENICEK, chairman; Liberal Social Union (LSU - left opposition), Frantisek TRNKA, chairman; Liberal National Social Party (LSNS - center party), Pavel HIRS, chairman; Bohemian-Moravian Center Party (CMSS - center party), Jan KYCER, chairman; Assembly for the Republic (SPR-RSC - right radical) , Miroslav SLADEK, chairman

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Czech-Moravian Chamber of Trade Unions; Civic Movement

    • Member of:
      Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE (guest), CEI, CERN, EBRD, ECE, FAO, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, NSG, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMIL, UNOMOZ, UNPROFOR, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Michael ZANTOVSKY

        chancery:
        3900 Spring of Freedom Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 363-6315, 6316

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 966-8540

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Adrian A. BASORA

        embassy:
        Trziste 15, 11801 Prague 1

        mailing address:
        Unit 1330; APO AE 09213-1330

        telephone:
        [42] (2) 2451-0847

        FAX:
        [42] (2) 2451-1001

    • Flag:
      two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side (almost identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia)






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