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El Salvador


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of El Salvador

        conventional short form:
        El Salvador

        local long form:
        Republica de El Salvador

        local short form:
        El Salvador

    • Digraph:
      ES

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      San Salvador

    • Administrative divisions:
      14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, Santa Ana, San Vicente, Sonsonate, Usulutan

    • Independence:
      15 September 1821 (from Spain)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

    • Constitution:
      20 December 1983

    • Legal system:
      based on civil and Roman law, with traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        President Armando CALDERON SOL (since 1 June 1994); Vice President Enrique BORGO Bustamante (since 1 June 1994) election last held 20 March 1994 (next to be held March 1999); results - Armando CALDERON SOL (ARENA) 49.03%, Ruben ZAMORA Rivas (CD/FMLN/MNR) 24.09%, Fidel CHAVEZ Mena (PDC) 16.39%, other 10.49%; because no candidate received a majority, a run-off election was held 24 April 1994; results - Armando CALDERON SOL (ARENA) 68.35%, Ruben ZAMORA Rivas (CD/FMLN/MNR) 31.65%

        cabinet:

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa):
        elections last held 20 March 1994 (next to be held March 1997); results - ARENA 46.4%, FMLN 25.0%, PDC 21.4%, PCN 4.8%, other 2.4%; seats - (84 total) ARENA 39, FMLN 21, PDC 18, PCN 4, other 2

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Corte Suprema)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      National Republican Alliance (ARENA), Juan Jose DOMENECH, president; Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN), Salvador SANCHEZ Ceren (aka Leonel GONZALEZ), general coordinator; Christian Democratic Party (PDC), Ronal UMANA, secretary general; National Conciliation Party (PCN), Ciro CRUZ Zepeda, secretary general; Democratic Convergence (CD), Juan Jose MARTEL, secretary general; Unity Movement, Jorge MARTINEZ Menendez, president

        note:
        newly formed parties not yet officially recognized by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal: Liberal Democratic Party (PLD), Kirio Waldo SALGADO, founder; Social Democratic Party (breakaway from FMLN), Joaquin VILLALOBOS, founder; Social Christian Renovation Movement (MRSC) (breakaway from PDC), Abraham RODRIGUEZ, founder

    • Other political or pressure groups:

        labor organizations:
        Salvadoran Communal Union (UCS), peasant association; General Confederation of Workers (CGT), moderate; United Workers Front (FUT)

        business organizations:
        Productive Alliance (AP), conservative; National Federation of Salvadoran Small Businessmen (FENAPES), conservative

    • Member of:
      BCIE, CACM, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ana Cristina SOL

        chancery:
        2308 California Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 265-9671, 9672

        consulate(s) general:
        Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, and San Francisco

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Alan H. FLANIGAN

        embassy:
        Final Boulevard, Station Antiguo Cuscatlan, San Salvador

        mailing address:
        Unit 3116, San Salvador; APO AA 34023

        telephone:
        [503] 78-4444

        FAX:
        [503] 78-6011

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; similar to the flag of Nicaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered in the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band






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