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Jamaica


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        none

        conventional short form:
        Jamaica

    • Digraph:
      JM

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Kingston

    • Administrative divisions:
      14 parishes; Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland

    • Independence:
      6 August 1962 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day (first Monday in August) (1962)

    • Constitution:
      6 August 1962

    • Legal system:
      based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Howard COOKE (since 1 August 1991)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister P. J. PATTERSON (since 30 March 1992); Deputy Prime Minister Seymour MULLINGS (since NA 1993)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral Parliament

        Senate:
        consists of a 21-member body appointed by the governor general

        House of Representatives:
        elections last held 30 March 1993 (next to be held by March 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (60 total) PNP 52, JLP 8

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      People's National Party (PNP) P. J. PATTERSON; Jamaica Labor Party (JLP), Edward SEAGA

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Rastafarians (black religious/racial cultists, pan-Africanists); New Beginnings Movement (NBM)

    • Member of:
      ACP, C, CARICOM, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Richard Leighton BERNAL

        chancery:
        1520 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 452-0660

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 452-0081

        consulate(s) general:
        Miami and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador J. Gary COOPER (since October 1994)

        embassy:
        Jamaica Mutual Life Center, 2 Oxford Road, 3rd floor, Kingston

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [1] (809) 929-4850 through 4859

        FAX:
        [1] (809) 926-6743

    • Flag:
      diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles - green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and fly side)






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