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Laos


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Lao People's Democratic Republic

        conventional short form:
        Laos

        local long form:
        Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao

        local short form:
        none

    • Digraph:
      LA

    • Type:
      Communist state

    • Capital:
      Vientiane

    • Administrative divisions:
      16 provinces (khoueng, singular and plural) and 1 municipality* (kampheng nakhon, singular and plural); Attapu, Bokeo, Bolikhamxai, Champasak, Houaphan, Khammouan, Louangnamtha, Louangphabang, Oudomxai, Phongsali, Salavan, Savannakhet, Viangchan*, Viangchan, Xaignabouli, Xekong, Xiangkhoang

    • Independence:
      19 July 1949 (from France)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, 2 December (1975) (proclamation of the Lao People's Democratic Republic)

    • Constitution:
      promulgated 14 August 1991

    • Legal system:
      based on traditional customs, French legal norms and procedures, and Socialist practice

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President NOUHAK PHOUMSAVAN (since 25 November 1992)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Gen. KHAMTAI SIPHANDON (since 15 August 1991)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president, approved by the Assembly

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Assembly:
        elections last held on 20 December 1992 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (85 total) number of seats by party NA

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme People's Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP), KHAMTAI Siphandon, party president; other parties proscribed

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      non-Communist political groups proscribed; most opposition leaders fled the country in 1975

    • Member of:
      ACCT, AsDB, ASEAN (observer), CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador HIEM PHOMMACHANH

        chancery:
        2222 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 332-6416, 6417

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 332-4923

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Victor L. TOMSETH

        embassy:
        Rue Bartholonie, Vientiane

        mailing address:
        B. P. 114, Vientiane; American Embassy, Box V, APO AP 96546

        telephone:
        [856] (21) 212581, 212582, 212585

        FAX:
        [856] (21) 212584

    • Flag:
      three horizontal bands of red (top), blue (double width), and red with a large white disk centered in the blue band






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