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Latvia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Latvia

        conventional short form:
        Latvia

        local long form:
        Latvijas Republika

        local short form:
        Latvija

        former:
        Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic

    • Digraph:
      LG

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Riga

    • Administrative divisions:
      26 counties (singular - rajons) and 7 municipalities*: Aizkraukles Rajons, Aluksnes Rajons, Balvu Rajons, Bauskas Rajons, Cesu Rajons, Daugavpils*, Daugavpils Rajons, Dobeles Rajons, Gulbenes Rajons, Jekabpils Rajons, Jelgava*, Jelgavas Rajons, Jurmala*, Kraslavas Rajons, Kuldigas Rajons, Leipaja*, Liepajas Rajons, Limbazu Rajons, Ludzas Rajons, Madonas Rajons, Ogres Rajons, Preiju Rajons, Rezekne*, Rezeknes Rajons, Riga*, Rigas Rajons, Saldus Rajons, Talsu Rajons, Tukuma Rajons, Valkas Rajons, Valmieras Rajons, Ventspils*, Ventspils Rajons

    • Independence:
      6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 18 November (1918)

    • Constitution:
      newly elected Parliament in 1993 restored the 1933 constitution

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Guntis ULMANIS (since 7 July 1993); Parliament (Saeima) elected President ULMANIS in the third round of balloting on 7 July 1993

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Maris GAILIS (since September 1994)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the Supreme Council

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Parliament (Saeima):
        elections last held 5-6 June 1993 (next to be held NA October 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (100 total) LC 36, LNNK 15, Concord for Latvia 13, LZS 12, Equal Rights 7, LKDS 6, TUB 6, DCP 5

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Latvian Way Union (LC), Valdis BIRKAVS; Latvian Farmers Union (LZS), Alvars BERKIS; Latvian National Independence Movement (LNNK), Andrejs KRASTINS, Aristids LAMBERGS, cochairmen; Concord for Latvia, Janis JURKANS; Equal Rights, Sergejs DIMANIS; Christian Democrat Union (LKDS), Peteris CIMDINS, Andris SAULITIS, Janis RUSKO; Fatherland and Freedom (TUB), Maris GRINBLATS, Roberts MILBERGS, Oigerts DZENTIS; Democratic Center (DCP), Ints CALITIS; Popular Front of Latvia (LTF), Uldis AUGSTKALNS

    • Member of:
      BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NACC, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ojars Eriks KALNINS

        chancery:
        4325 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 726-8213, 8214

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 726-6785

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Ints M, SILINS

        embassy:
        Raina Boulevard 7, Riga 226050

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [371] (2) 213-962

        FAX:
        [371] 882-0047 (cellular)

    • Flag:
      two horizontal bands of maroon (top and bottom), white (middle, narrower than other two bands)






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