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Mali


    • Population:
      9,375,132 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        48% (female 2,240,565; male 2,242,373)

        15-64 years:
        49% (female 2,416,952; male 2,165,043)

        65 years and over:
        3% (female 162,234; male 147,965) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      2.89% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      51.88 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      19.93 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      -3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      104.5 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        46.37 years

        male:
        44.7 years

        female:
        48.09 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      7.33 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Malian(s)

        adjective:
        Malian

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Sarakole), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%

    • Religions:
      Muslim 90%, indigenous beliefs 9%, Christian 1%

    • Languages:
      French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages

    • Literacy:
      age 6 and over can read and write (1988)

        total population:
        19%

        male:
        27%

        female:
        12%

    • Labor force:
      2.666 million (1986 est.)

        by occupation:
        agriculture 80%, services 19%, industry and commerce 1% (1981)






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