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Mauritius


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Mauritius

        conventional short form:
        Mauritius

    • Digraph:
      MP

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Port Louis

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne

    • Independence:
      12 March 1968 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 12 March (1968)

    • Constitution:
      12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992

    • Legal system:
      based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Cassam UTEEM (since 1 July 1992); Vice President Rabindranath GHURBURRON (since 1 July 1992)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 12 June 1982); Deputy Prime Minister Prem NABABSING (since 26 September 1990)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Legislative Assembly:
        elections last held on 15 September 1991 (next to be held by 15 September 1996); results - MSM/MMM 53%, MLP/PMSD 38%; seats - (66 total) MSM/MMM alliance 59 (MSM 29, MMM 26, OPR 2, MTD 2), MLP/PMSD 4 (MLP 3, PMSD 1); note - the Supreme Court denied the assignment of 3 seats to the MSM

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:

        government coalition:
        Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), A. JUGNAUTH; Mauritian Militant Resurgence (RMM), Prem NABABSING (less 10 legislators under the leadership of Paul BERENGER, now voting with the opposition); Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD), X. DUVAL; Organization of the People of Rodrigues (OPR), Louis Serge CLAIR; Democratic Labor Movement (MTD), Anil BAICHOO

        opposition:
        Mauritian Labor Party (MLP), Navin RAMGOOLMAN; MMM-Berenger Faction, Paul BERENGER; Socialist Workers Front, Sylvio MICHEL

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      various labor unions

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Anund Priyay NEEWOOR

        chancery:
        Suite 441, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 244-1491, 1492

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 966-0983

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Leslie M. ALEXANDER

        embassy:
        4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louis

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [230] 208-9763 through 9767

        FAX:
        [230] 208-9534

    • Flag:
      four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green






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