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Nepal


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Kingdom of Nepal

        conventional short form:
        Nepal

    • Digraph:
      NP

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy as of 12 May 1991

    • Capital:
      Kathmandu

    • Administrative divisions:
      14 zones (anchal, singular and plural); Bagmati, Bheri, Dhawalagiri, Gandaki, Janakpur, Karnali, Kosi, Lumbini, Mahakali, Mechi, Narayani, Rapti, Sagarmatha, Seti

    • Independence:
      1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan Shah)

    • National holiday:
      Birthday of His Majesty the King, 28 December (1945)

    • Constitution:
      9 November 1990

    • Legal system:
      based on Hindu legal concepts and English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Man Mohan ADHIKARI (since 30 November 1994)

        chief of state:
        King BIRENDRA Bir Bikram Shah Dev (since 31 January 1972, crowned King 24 February 1985); Heir Apparent Crown Prince DIPENDRA Bir Bikram Shah Dev, son of the King (born 21 June 1971)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the king on recommendation of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral Parliament

        National Council:
        consists of a 60-member body, 50 appointed by House of Representatives and 10 by the King

        House of Representatives:
        elections last held on 15 November 1994 (next to be held NA); results - NCP 33%, CPN/UML 31%, NDP 18%, Terai Rights Sadbhavana Party 3%, NWPP 1%; seats - (205 total) CPN/UML 88, NCP 83, NDP 20, NWPP 4, Terai Rights Sadbhavana Party 3, independents 7; note - the new Constitution of 9 November 1990 gave Nepal a multiparty democracy system for the first time in 32 years

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (Sarbochha Adalat)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Communist Party of Nepal/United Marxist and Leninist (CPN/UML), Prime Minister Man Mohan ADHIKARI, Deputy Prime Minister Madhav Kumar NEPAL; Nepali Congress Party (NCP), president Krishna Prasad BHATTARAI, former Prime Minister Girija Prasad KOIRALA, Leader of the Opposition Sher Bahadur DEUBA; National Democratic Party (NDP), Surya Bahadur THAPA; Terai Rights Sadbhavana (Goodwill) Party, Gajendra Narayan SINGH; United People's Front (UPF), Niranjan Govinda BAIDYA; Nepal Workers and Peasants Party (NWPP), Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE; Communist Party of Nepal (Democratic-Manandhar), B. B. MANANDHAR

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      numerous small, left-leaning student groups in the capital; several small, radical Nepalese antimonarchist groups

    • Member of:
      AsDB, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNOSOM, UNPROFOR, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Pradeep KHATIWADA

        chancery:
        2131 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 667-4550

        consulate(s) general:
        New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Sandra L. VOGELGESANG

        embassy:
        Pani Pokhari, Kathmandu

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [977] (1) 411179

        FAX:
        [977] (1) 419963

    • Flag:
      red with a blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles; the smaller, upper triangle bears a white stylized moon and the larger, lower triangle bears a white 12-pointed sun






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