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Netherlands


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Kingdom of the Netherlands

        conventional short form:
        Netherlands

        local long form:
        Koninkrijk de Nederlanden

        local short form:
        Nederland

    • Digraph:
      NL

    • Type:
      constitutional monarchy

    • Capital:
      Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government

    • Administrative divisions:
      12 provinces (provincien, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland

    • Dependent areas:
      Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

    • Independence:
      1579 (from Spain)

    • National holiday:
      Queen's Day, 30 April (1938)

    • Constitution:
      17 February 1983

    • Legal system:
      civil law system incorporating French penal theory; judicial review in the Supreme Court of legislation of lower order rather than Acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard (since 30 April 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER, Prince of Orange, son of Queen Beatrix (born 27 April 1967)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Willem (Wim) KOK (since 22 August 1994); Vice Prime Minister Hans DIJKSTAL and Hans VAN MIERLO (since 22 August 1994)

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral legislature (Staten Generaal)

        First Chamber (Eerste Kamer):
        members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils for four-year terms; elections last held 9 June l991 (next to be held 9 June 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (75 total) number of seats by party NA

        Second Chamber (Tweede Kamer):
        members directly elected for four-year terms; elections last held on 3 May 1994 (next to be held in May 1999); results - PvdA 24.3%, CDA 22.3%, VVD 20.4%, D'66 16.5%, other 16.5%; seats - (150 total) PvdA 37, CDA 34, VVD 31, D'66 24, other 24

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (De Hoge Raad)

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), Hans HELGERS; Labor (PvdA), Wim KOK; Liberal (VVD - People's Party for Freedom and Democracy), Frits BOLKESTEIN; Democrats '66 (D'66), Hans van MIERLO; a host of minor parties

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      large multinational firms; Federation of Netherlands Trade Union Movement (comprising Socialist and Catholic trade unions) and a Protestant trade union; Federation of Catholic and Protestant Employers Associations; the nondenominational Federation of Netherlands Enterprises; and Interchurch Peace Council (IKV)

    • Member of:
      AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, EBRD, EC, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, ESA, ESCAP, FAO, G-10, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MTCR, NACC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNOMOZ, UNOMUR, UNPROFOR, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Adriaan JACOBOVITS DE SZEGED

        chancery:
        4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 244-5300

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 362-3430

        consulate(s) general:
        Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Kirk Terry DORNBUSH

        embassy:
        Lange Voorhout 102, 2514 EJ The Hague

        mailing address:
        PSC 71, Box 1000, the Hague; APO AE 09715

        telephone:
        [31] (70) 310-9209

        FAX:
        [31] (70) 361-4688

        consulate(s) general:
        Amsterdam

    • Flag:
      three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer






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