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Pakistan


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Islamic Republic of Pakistan

        conventional short form:
        Pakistan

        former:
        West Pakistan

    • Digraph:
      PK

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Islamabad

    • Administrative divisions:
      4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier, Punjab, Sindh

        note:
        the Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region includes Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas

    • Independence:
      14 August 1947 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Pakistan Day, 23 March (1956) (proclamation of the republic)

    • Constitution:
      10 April 1973, suspended 5 July 1977, restored with amendments 30 December 1985

    • Legal system:
      based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's stature as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; universal; separate electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for non-Muslims

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Sardar Farooq LEGHARI; election last held 13 November 1993 (next to be held no later than 14 October 1998); results - LEGHARI was elected by Parliament and the four provincial assemblies

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Benazir BHUTTO

        cabinet:
        Cabinet

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora)

        Senate:
        elections last held NA March 1994 (next to be held NA March 1997); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (87 total) PPP 22, PML/N 17; Tribal Area Representatives (nonparty) 8, ANP 6, PML/J 5, JWP 5, MQM/A 5, JUI/F 2, PKMAP 2, JI 2, NPP 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, JUP/NI 1, JUP/NO 1, JAH 1, JUI/S 1, PML/F 1, PNP 1, independents 2, vacant 1

        National Assembly:
        elections last held 6 October 1993 (next to be held by October 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (217 total) PPP 92, PML/N 75, PML/J 6, IJM-Islamic Democratic Front 4, ANP 3, PKMAP 4, PIF 3, JWP 2, MDM 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, NDA 1, NPP 1, PKQP 1, Religious minorities 10 reserved seats, independents 9, results pending 2

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court, Federal Islamic (Shari'at) Court

    • Political parties and leaders:

        government:
        Pakistan People's Party (PPP), Benazir BHUTTO; Pakistan Muslim League, Junejo faction (PML/J), Hamid Nasir CHATTHA; National People's Party (NPP), Ghulam Mustapha JATOI; Pakhtun Khwa Milli Awami Party (PKMAP), Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI; Balochistan National Movement, Hayee Group (BNM/H), Dr. HAYEE Baluch; National Democratic Alliance (NDA), Maulana Kausar NIAZI; Pakhtun Quami Party (PKQP), Mohammed AFZAL Khan; Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP), Akbar Khan BUGTI

        opposition:
        Pakistan Muslim League, Nawaz Sharif faction (PML/N), Nawaz SHARIF; Awami National Party (ANP), Khan Abdul WALI KHAN; Pakistan Islamic Front (PIF), Qazi Hussain AHMED; Balochistan National Movement, Mengal Group (BNM/M), Sardar Akhtar MENGAL; Mohajir Quami Movement, Altaf faction (MQM/A), Altaf HUSSAIN; Jamaat-i-Islami (JI), Qazi Hussain AHMED; Jamiat-al-Hadith (JAH)

        frequently shifting:
        Mutaheda Deeni Mahaz (MDM), Maulana Sami-ul-HAQ, the MDM includes Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan, Niazi faction (JUP/NI) and Anjuman Sepah-i-Sahaba Pakistan (ASSP); Islami-Jamhoori-Mahaz (IJM-Islamic Democratic Party), the IJM includes Jamiat Ulema-i-Islami, Fazlur Rehman group (JUI/F); Jamiat Ulema-i-Pakistan, Noorani faction (JUP/NO); Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam, Sami-ul-Haq faction (JUI/S); Pakistan Muslim League, Functional Group (PML/F); Pakistan National Party (PNP)

        note:
        political alliances in Pakistan can shift frequently

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      military remains important political force; ulema (clergy), landowners, industrialists, and small merchants also influential

    • Member of:
      AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, G-19, G-24, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, PCA, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNOMIL, UNOSOM, UNPROFOR, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Maleeha LODHI

        chancery:
        2315 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 939-6200

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 387-0484

        consulate(s) general:
        Los Angeles and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador John C. MONJO

        embassy:
        Diplomatic Enclave, Ramna 5, Islamabad

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 1048, PSC 1212, Box 2000, Unit 6220, Islamabad; APO AE 09812-2000

        telephone:
        [92] (51) 826161 through 826179

        FAX:
        [92] (51) 214222

        consulate(s) general:
        Karachi, Lahore

        consulate(s):
        Peshawar

    • Flag:
      green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam






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