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Rwanda


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Rwanda

        conventional short form:
        Rwanda

        local long form:
        Republika y'u Rwanda

        local short form:
        Rwanda

    • Digraph:
      RW

    • Type:
      republic; presidential system

        note:
        after genocide and civil war in April 1994, the Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front, in July 1994, took power and formed a new government

    • Capital:
      Kigali

    • Administrative divisions:
      10 prefectures (prefectures, singular - prefecture in French; plural - NA, singular - prefegitura in Kinyarwanda); Butare, Byumba, Cyangugu, Gikongoro, Gisenyi, Gitarama, Kibungo, Kibuye, Kigali, Ruhengeri

    • Independence:
      1 July 1962 (from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 1 July (1962)

    • Constitution:
      18 June 1991

    • Legal system:
      based on German and Belgian civil law systems and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      NA years of age; universal adult

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Pasteur BIZIMUNGU (since 19 July 1994); took office following the siezure of the government by the Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front and the exiling of interim President Dr. Theodore SINDIKUBWABO; no future election dates have been set

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Faustin TWAGIRAMUNGU (since the siezure of power by the Tutsi Rwandan Patriotic Front in July 1994)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National Development Council:
        (next to be held NA 1995); results - MRND was the only party; seats - (70 total) MRND 70

    • Judicial branch:
      Constitutional Court consists of the Court of Cassation and the Council of State in joint session

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), Alexis KANYARENGWE, Chairman; National Revolutionary Movement for Democracy and Development (MRND); significant independent parties include: Democratic Republican Movement (MDR); Liberal Party (PL); Democratic and Socialist Party (PSD); Coalition for the Defense of the Republic (CDR); Party for Democracy in Rwanda (PADER); Christian Democratic Party (PDL)

        note:
        formerly a one-party state, Rwanda legalized independent parties in mid-1991

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Rwanda Patriotic Army (RPA), the RPF military wing, Maj. Gen. Paul KAGAME, commander;

    • Member of:
      ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, CEEAC, CEPGL, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Joseph W. MUTABOBA

        chancery:
        1714 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 232-2882

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 232-4544

    • US diplomatic representation:

        note:
        US Embassy closed indefinitely

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador David P. RAWSON

        embassy:
        Boulevard de la Revolution, Kigali

        mailing address:
        B. P. 28, Kigali

        telephone:
        [250] 756 01 through 03

        FAX:
        [250] 721 28

    • Flag:
      three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green with a large black letter R centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Guinea, which has a plain yellow band






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