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Rwanda


    • Population:
      8,605,307 (July 1995 est.)

        note:
        the demographic estimates were prepared before civil strife, starting in April 1994, set in motion substantial and continuing population changes

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        51% (female 2,184,549; male 2,201,049)

        15-64 years:
        47% (female 2,034,278; male 1,968,298)

        65 years and over:
        2% (female 126,255; male 90,878) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      2.67% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      48.52 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      21.82 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      NA migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

        note:
        since April 1994, more than one million refugees have fled the civil strife between the Hutu and Tutsi factions in Rwanda and crossed into Zaire, Burundi, and Tanzania; close to 350,000 Rwandan Tutsis who fled civil strife in earlier years are returning to Rwanda and a few of the recent Hutu refugees are going home despite the danger of doing so; the ethnic violence continues and in 1995 could produce further refugee flows as well as deter returns

    • Infant mortality rate:
      118.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        39.33 years

        male:
        38.5 years

        female:
        40.19 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      8.12 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Rwandan(s)

        adjective:
        Rwandan

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Hutu 90%, Tutsi 9%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%

    • Religions:
      Roman Catholic 65%, Protestant 9%, Muslim 1%, indigenous beliefs and other 25%

    • Languages:
      Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), Kiswahili used in commercial centers

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

        total population:
        50%

        male:
        64%

        female:
        37%

    • Labor force:
      3.6 million

        by occupation:
        agriculture 93%, government and services 5%, industry and commerce 2%






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