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Sao Tome and Principe


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

        conventional short form:
        Sao Tome and Principe

        local long form:
        Republica Democratica de Sao Tome e Principe

        local short form:
        Sao Tome e Principe

    • Digraph:
      TP

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Sao Tome

    • Administrative divisions:
      2 districts (concelhos, singular - concelho); Principe, Sao Tome

    • Independence:
      12 July 1975 (from Portugal)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 12 July (1975)

    • Constitution:
      approved March 1990; effective 10 September 1990

    • Legal system:
      based on Portuguese law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Miguel TROVOADA (since 4 April 1991); election last held 3 March 1991 (next to be held NA March 1996); results - Miguel TROVOADA was elected without opposition in Sao Tome's first multiparty presidential election

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Carlos da GRACA (since 25 October 1994)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        National People's Assembly:
        July 1994; early elections held 2 October 1994; results - MLSTP 27%, PCD-GR 25.5%, ADI 25.5%; seats - (55 total) MLSTP 27, PCD-GR 14, ADI 14

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Party for Democratic Convergence-Reflection Group (PCD-GR), Daniel Lima Dos Santos DAIO, secretary general; Movement for the Liberation of Sao Tome and Principe (MLSTP), Carlos da GRACA; Christian Democratic Front (FDC), Alphonse Dos SANTOS; Democratic Opposition Coalition (CODO), leader NA; Independent Democratic Action (ADI), Gabriel COSTA; other small parties

    • Member of:
      ACP, AfDB, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      Sao Tome and Principe has no embassy in the US, but does have a Permanent Mission to the UN, headed by First Secretary Domingos AUGUSTO Ferreira, located at 122 East 42nd Street, Suite 1604, New York, NY 10168, telephone [1] (212) 697-4211

    • US diplomatic representation:
      ambassador to Gabon is accredited to Sao Tome and Principe on a nonresident basis and makes periodic visits to the islands

    • Flag:
      three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia






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