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Sao Tome and Principe


    • Population:
      140,423 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        40% (female 27,995; male 28,452)

        15-64 years:
        55% (female 38,846; male 38,619)

        65 years and over:
        5% (female 3,615; male 2,896) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      2.62% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      34.94 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      8.7 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      62.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        63.65 years

        male:
        61.76 years

        female:
        65.59 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      4.44 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Sao Tomean(s)

        adjective:
        Sao Tomean

    • Ethnic divisions:
      mestico, angolares (descendents of Angolan slaves), forros (descendents of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)

    • Religions:
      Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-Day Adventist

    • Languages:
      Portuguese (official)

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1991)

        total population:
        73%

        male:
        85%

        female:
        62%

    • Labor force:
      most of population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing; labor shortages on plantations and of skilled workers






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