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South Africa


    • Population:

        total:
        45,095,459 (July 1995 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        40% (female 8,842,764; male 9,091,722)

        15-64 years:
        56% (female 12,825,617; male 12,508,039)

        65 years and over:
        4% (female 1,047,285; male 780,032) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:

        total:
        2.61% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      33.39 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      7.42 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      0.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      45.8 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        65.42 years

        male:
        62.68 years

        female:
        68.25 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      4.35 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        South African(s)

        adjective:
        South African

    • Ethnic divisions:
      black 75.2%, white 13.6%, Colored 8.6%, Indian 2.6%

    • Religions:
      Christian (most whites and Coloreds and about 60% of blacks), Hindu (60% of Indians), Muslim 2%

    • Languages:
      eleven official languages, including Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1980)

        total population:
        76%

        male:
        78%

        female:
        75%

    • Labor force:
      13.4 million economically active (1990)

        by occupation:
        services 35%, agriculture 30%, industry 20%, mining 9%, other 6%






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