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Syria


    • Population:
      15,451,917 (July 1995 est.)

        note:
        in addition, there are 31,000 people living in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights - 16,500 Arabs (15,000 Druze and 1,500 Alawites) and 14,500 Jewish settlers (August 1994 est.)

    • Age structure:

        0-14 years:
        48% (female 3,639,776; male 3,826,154)

        15-64 years:
        49% (female 3,691,862; male 3,854,989)

        65 years and over:
        3% (female 219,251; male 219,885) (July 1995 est.)

    • Population growth rate:
      3.71% (1995 est.)

    • Birth rate:
      43.21 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Death rate:
      6.07 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Net migration rate:
      0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

    • Infant mortality rate:
      41.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

    • Life expectancy at birth:

        total population:
        66.81 years

        male:
        65.67 years

        female:
        68.01 years (1995 est.)

    • Total fertility rate:
      6.55 children born/woman (1995 est.)

    • Nationality:

        noun:
        Syrian(s)

        adjective:
        Syrian

    • Ethnic divisions:
      Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

    • Religions:
      Sunni Muslim 74%, Alawite, Druze, and other Muslim sects 16%, Christian (various sects) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)

    • Languages:
      Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French widely understood

    • Literacy:
      age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)

        total population:
        64%

        male:
        78%

        female:
        51%

    • Labor force:
      4.3 million (1994 est.)

        by occupation:
        miscellaneous and government services 36%, agriculture 32%, industry and construction 32%; note - shortage of skilled labor (1984)






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