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Ukraine


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        none

        conventional short form:
        Ukraine

        local long form:
        none

        local short form:
        Ukrayina

        former:
        Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

    • Digraph:
      UP

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Kiev (Kyyiv)

    • Administrative divisions:
      24 oblasti (singular - oblast'), 1 autonomous republic* (avtomnaya respublika), and 2 municipalites (mista, singular - misto) with oblast status**; Cherkas'ka (Cherkasy), Chernihivs'ka (Chernihiv), Chernivets'ka (Chernivtsi), Dnipropetrovs'ka (Dnipropetrovs'k), Donets'ka (Donets'k), Ivano-Frankivs'ka (Ivano-Frankivs'k), Kharkivs'ka (Kharkiv), Khersons'ka (Kherson), Khmel'nyts'ka (Khmel'nyts'kyy), Kirovohrads'ka (Kirovohrad), Kyyiv**, Kyyivs'ka (Kiev), Luhans'ka (Luhans'k), L'vivs'ka (L'viv), Mykolayivs'ka (Mykolayiv), Odes'ka (Odesa), Poltavs'ka (Poltava), Respublika Krym* (Simferopol'), Rivnens'ka (Rivne), Sevastopol'**, Sums'ka (Sevastopol'), Ternopil's'ka (Ternopil'), Vinnyts'ka (Vinnytsya), Volyns'ka (Luts'k), Zakarpats'ka (Uzhhorod), Zaporiz'ka (Zaporizhzhya), Zhytomyrs'ka (Zhytomyr)

        note:
        names in parentheses are administrative centers when name differs from oblast' name

    • Independence:
      1 December 1991 (from Soviet Union)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 24 August (1991)

    • Constitution:
      using 1978 pre-independence constitution; new constitution currently being drafted

    • Legal system:
      based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Leonid D. KUCHMA (since 19 July 1994); election last held 26 June and 10 July 1994 (next to be held NA 1999); results - Leonid KUCHMA 52.15%, Leonid KRAVCHUK 45.06%

        head of government:
        Acting Prime Minister Yeuben MARCHUK (since 3 March 1995); First Deputy Prime Ministers Yevhen MARCHUK and Viktor PYNZENYK (since 31 October 1994) and six deputy prime ministers

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president and approved by the Supreme Council

        National Security Council:
        originally created in 1992, but signficantly revamped and strengthened under President KUCHMA; members include the president, prime minister, Ministers of Finance, Environment, Justice, Internal Affairs, Foreign Economic Relations, Economic and Foreign Affairs; the NSC staff is tasked with developing national security policy on domestic and international matters and advising the president

        Presidential Administration:
        helps draft presidential edicts and provides policy support to the president

        Council of Regions:
        advisory body created by President KUCHMA in September 1994; includes the Chairmen of Oblast and Kiev and Sevastopol City Supreme Councils

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Supreme Council:
        elections last held 27 March 1994 with repeat elections continuing through December 1998 to fill empty seats (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (450 total) Communists 91, Rukh 22, Agrarians 18, Socialists 15, Republicans 11, Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists 5, Labor 5, Party of Democratic Revival 4, Democrats 2, Social Democrats 2, Civil Congress 2, Conservative Republicans 1, Party of Economic Revival of Crimea 1, Christian Democrats 1, independents 225; note - 405 deputies have been elected; run-off elections for the remaining 45 seats to be held by December 1998

    • Judicial branch:
      joint commission formed in April 1995 to define a program of judicial reform by year-end

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Green Party of Ukraine, Vitaliy KONONOV, leader; Liberal Party of Ukraine; Liberal Democratic Party of Ukraine, Volodymyr KLYMCHUK, chairman; Democratic Party of Ukraine, Volodymyr Oleksandrovych YAVORIVSKIY, chairman; People's Party of Ukraine, Leopol'd TABURYANSKYY, chairman; Peasants' Party of Ukraine, Serhiy DOVHRAN', chairman; Party of Democratic Rebirth (Revival) of Ukraine, Volodymyr FILENKO, chairman; Social Democratic Party of Ukraine, Yuriy VUZDUHAN, chairman; Socialist Party of Ukraine, Oleksandr MOROZ, chairman; Ukrainian Christian Democratic Party, Vitaliy ZHURAVSKYY, chairman; Ukrainian Conservative Republican Party, Stepan KHMARA, chairman; Ukrainian Labor Party, Valentyn LANDYK, chairman; Ukrainian Party of Justice, Mykhaylo HRECHKO, chairman; Ukrainian Peasants' Democratic Party, Serhiy PLACHINDA, chairman; Ukrainian Republican Party, Mykhaylo HORYN', chairman; Ukrainian National Conservative Party, Viktor RADIONOV, chairman; Ukrainian People's Movement for Restructuring (Rukh), Vyacheslav CHORNOVIL, chairman; Ukrainian Communist Party, Petr SYMONENKO; Agrarian Party; Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists, S. STESTKO; Civil Congress, O. BAZYLUK; Party of Economic Revival of Crimea; Democratic Party Of Ukraine, Serhiy DOVMAN', chairman

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      New Ukraine (Nova Ukrayina); Congress of National Democratic Forces

    • Member of:
      BSEC, CCC, CE (guest), CEI (associate members), CIS, EBRD, ECE, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNPROFOR, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Yuriy SHCHERBAK

        chancery:
        3350 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20007

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 333-0606

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 333-0817

        consulate(s) general:
        Chicago and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador William Green MILLER

        embassy:
        10 Yuria Kotsyubinskovo, 252053 Kiev 53

        mailing address:
        use embassy street address

        telephone:
        [7] (044) 244-73-49, 244-37-45

        FAX:
        [7] (044) 244-73-50

    • Flag:
      two equal horizontal bands of azure (top) and golden yellow represent grainfields under a blue sky






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