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Alimta for Injection (Lilly)
- Drugs index
ALIMTA ® , pemetrexed for injection, is an antifolate antineoplastic agent that exerts its action by disrupting folate-dependent metabolic processes essential for cell replication. Pemetrexed disodium heptahydrate has the chemical name L-Glutamic acid, N -[4-[2-(2-amino-4,7-dihydro-4-oxo-1 H -pyrrolo[2,3- d ]pyrimidin-5-yl)ethyl]benzoyl]-, disodium salt, heptahydrate. It is a white to almost-white solid with a molecular formula of C 20 H 19 N 5 Na 2 O 6 ·7H 2 O and a molecular weight of 597.49. The structural formula is as follows:
ALIMTA is supplied as a sterile lyophilized powder for intravenous infusion available in single-dose vials. The product is a white to either light yellow or green-yellow lyophilized solid. Each 500-mg vial of ALIMTA contains pemetrexed disodium equivalent to 500 mg pemetrexed and 500 mg of mannitol. Hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide may have been added to adjust pH.
Pemetrexed is an antifolate containing the pyrrolopyrimidine-based nucleus that exerts its antineoplastic activity by disrupting folate-dependent metabolic processes essential for cell replication. In vitro studies have shown that pemetrexed inhibits thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT), all folate-dependent enzymes involved in the de novo biosynthesis of thymidine and purine nucleotides. Pemetrexed is transported into cells by both the reduced folate carrier and membrane folate binding protein transport systems. Once in the cell, pemetrexed is converted to polyglutamate forms by the enzyme folylpolyglutamate synthetase. The polyglutamate forms are retained in cells and are inhibitors of TS and GARFT. Polyglutamation is a time- and concentration-dependent process that occurs in tumor cells and, to a lesser extent, in normal tissues. Polyglutamated metabolites have an increased intracellular half-life resulting in prolonged drug action in malignant cells.
Preclinical studies have shown that pemetrexed inhibits the in vitro growth of mesothelioma cell lines (MSTO-211H, NCI-H2052). Studies with the MSTO-211H mesothelioma cell line showed synergistic effects when pemetrexed was combined concurrently with cisplatin.
Absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) following single-agent administration of pemetrexed to patients not receiving folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation were characterized using population pharmacodynamic analyses. Severity of hematologic toxicity, as measured by the depth of the ANC nadir, is inversely proportional to the systemic exposure of ALIMTA. It was also observed that lower ANC nadirs occurred in patients with elevated baseline cystathionine or homocysteine concentrations. The levels of these substances can be reduced by folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation. There is no cumulative effect of pemetrexed exposure on ANC nadir over multiple treatment cycles.
Time to ANC nadir with pemetrexed systemic exposure (AUC), varied between 8 to 9.6 days over a range of exposures from 38.3 to 316.8 µg·hr/mL. Return to baseline ANC occurred 4.2 to 7.5 days after the nadir over the same range of exposures.
The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed administered as a single agent in doses ranging from 0.2 to 838 mg/m 2 infused over a 10-minute period have been evaluated in 426 cancer patients with a variety of solid tumors. Pemetrexed is not metabolized to an appreciable extent and is primarily eliminated in the urine, with 70% to 90% of the dose recovered unchanged within the first 24 hours following administration. The total systemic clearance of pemetrexed is 91.8 mL/min and the elimination half-life of pemetrexed is 3.5 hours in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance of 90 mL/min). The clearance decreases, and exposure (AUC) increases, as renal function decreases. Pemetrexed total systemic exposure (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration (C max ) increase proportionally with dose. The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed do not change over multiple treatment cycles. Pemetrexed has a steady-state volume of distribution of 16.1 liters. In vitro studies indicate that pemetrexed is approximately 81% bound to plasma proteins. Binding is not affected by degree of renal impairment.
Chemotherapeutic Agents --Cisplatin does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed and the pharmacokinetics of total platinum are unaltered by pemetrexed.
Vitamins --Coadministration of oral folic acid or intramuscular vitamin B 12 does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed.
Drugs Metabolized by Cytochrome P450 Enzymes --Results from in vitro studies with human liver microsomes predict that pemetrexed would not cause clinically significant inhibition of metabolic clearance of drugs metabolized by CYP3A, CYP2D6, CYP2C9, and CYP1A2. No studies were conducted to determine the cytochrome P450 isozyme induction potential of pemetrexed, because ALIMTA used as recommended (once every 21 days) would not be expected to cause any significant enzyme induction.
Aspirin --Aspirin, administered in low to moderate doses (325 mg every 6 hours), does not affect the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed. The effect of greater doses of aspirin on pemetrexed pharmacokinetics is unknown.
Ibuprofen --Daily ibuprofen doses of 400 mg qid reduce pemetrexed's clearance by about 20% (and increase AUC by 20%) in patients with normal renal function. The effect of greater doses of ibuprofen on pemetrexed pharmacokinetics is unknown ( see Drug Interactions under PRECAUTIONS ).
The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed in special populations were examined in about 400 patients in controlled and single arm studies.
Geriatric --No effect of age on the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed was observed over a range of 26 to 80 years.
Pediatric --Pediatric patients were not included in clinical trials.
Gender --The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were not different in male and female patients.
Race --The pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed were similar in Caucasians and patients of African descent. Insufficient data are available to compare pharmacokinetics for other ethnic groups.
Hepatic Insufficiency --There was no effect of elevated AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT), or total bilirubin on the pharmacokinetics of pemetrexed. However, studies of hepatically impaired patients have not been conducted ( see PRECAUTIONS ).
Renal Insufficiency --Pharmacokinetic analyses of pemetrexed included 127 patients with reduced renal function. Plasma clearance of pemetrexed in the presence of cisplatin decreases as renal function decreases, with increase in systemic exposure. Patients with creatinine clearances of 45, 50, and 80 mL/min had 65%, 54%, and 13% increases, respectively in pemetrexed total systemic exposure (AUC) compared to patients with creatinine clearance of 100 mL/min ( see WARNINGS and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ).
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma --The safety and efficacy of ALIMTA have been evaluated in chemonaive patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in combination with cisplatin.
Randomized Trial : A multi-center, randomized, single-blind study in 448 chemonaive patients with MPM compared survival in patients treated with ALIMTA in combination with cisplatin to survival in patients receiving cisplatin alone. ALIMTA was administered intravenously over 10 minutes at a dose of 500 mg/m 2 and cisplatin was administered intravenously over 2 hours at a dose of 75 mg/m 2 beginning approximately 30 minutes after the end of administration of ALIMTA. Both drugs were given on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. After 117 patients were treated, white cell and GI toxicity led to a change in protocol whereby all patients were given folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation.
The primary analysis of this study was performed on the population of all patients randomly assigned to treatment who received study drug (randomized and treated). An analysis was also performed on patients who received folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation during the entire course of study therapy (fully supplemented), as supplementation is recommended ( see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ). Results in all patients and those fully supplemented were similar. Patient demographics are shown in Table 1.
Table 2 summarizes the survival results for all randomized and treated patients regardless of vitamin supplementation status and those patients receiving vitamin supplementation from the time of enrollment in the trial.
Similar results were seen in the analysis of patients (N=303) with confirmed histologic diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma. Exploratory demographic analyses showed no apparent differences in patients over or under 65. There were too few non-white patients to assess possible ethnic differences. The effect in women (median survival 15.7 months with the combination vs. 7.5 months on cisplatin alone), however, was larger than the effect in males (median survival 11 vs. 9.4 respectively). As with any exploratory analysis, it is not clear whether this difference is real or is a chance finding.
Objective tumor response for malignant pleural mesothelioma is difficult to measure and response criteria are not universally agreed upon. However, based upon prospectively defined criteria, the objective tumor response rate for ALIMTA plus cisplatin was greater than the objective tumor response rate for cisplatin alone. There was also improvement in lung function (forced vital capacity) in the ALIMTA plus cisplatin arm compared to the control arm.
Patients who received full supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B 12 during study therapy received a median of 6 and 4 cycles in the ALIMTA/cisplatin (N=168) and cisplatin (N=163) arms, respectively. Patients who never received folic acid and vitamin B 12 during study therapy received a median of 2 cycles in both treatment arms (N=32 and N=38 for the ALIMTA/cisplatin and cisplatin arm, respectively). Patients receiving ALIMTA in the fully supplemented group received a relative dose intensity of 93% of the protocol specified ALIMTA dose intensity; patients treated with cisplatin in the same group received 94% of the projected dose intensity. Patients treated with cisplatin alone had a dose intensity of 96%.
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) --The safety and efficacy of ALIMTA as a single-agent have been evaluated in patients with locally advanced or metastatic (Stage III or IV) non-small cell lung cancer after prior chemotherapy.
Randomized Trial : A multi-center, randomized, open label Phase 3 study was conducted to compare the overall survival following treatment with ALIMTA versus docetaxel. ALIMTA was administered intravenously over 10 minutes at a dose of 500 mg/m 2 and docetaxel was administered at 75 mg/m 2 as a 1-hour intravenous infusion. Both drugs were given on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. All patients treated with ALIMTA received vitamin supplementation with folic acid and vitamin B 12 . The study was intended to show either an overall survival superiority or non-inferiority of ALIMTA to docetaxel. Patient demographics of the intent to treat (ITT) population are shown in Table 3.
The primary endpoint in this study was overall survival. The median survival time was 8.3 months in the ALIMTA treatment arm and 7.9 months in the docetaxel arm, with a hazard ratio of 0.99 ( see Table 4). The study did not show an overall survival superiority of ALIMTA. Non-inferiority of ALIMTA to docetaxel could not be demonstrated, because a reliable and consistent survival effect of docetaxel required for a non-inferiority analysis could not be estimated from historical trials. In addition, significant treatment crossover at the time of disease progression may have confounded the survival interpretation. The demonstrated surrogate endpoint, response rate allowed the conclusion that an effect of ALIMTA on survival is reasonably likely.
Exploratory demographic analyses on survival showed no significant differences between ALIMTA and docetaxel in patients over or under 65 years of age. There were too few non-white patients to assess possible ethnic differences. Regarding gender, females lived longer than males in both treatment groups. There was no difference in survival between ALIMTA and docetaxel with respect to gender after adjusting for prognostic factors.
Secondary endpoints evaluated in the trial include objective response rate, progression free survival (PFS) and time to progressive disease (TTPD). There was no statistically significant difference between ALIMTA and docetaxel with respect to objective response rate, progression free survival (PFS) and time to progressive disease (TTPD).
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Mesothelioma : ALIMTA in combination with cisplatin is indicated for the treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma whose disease is unresectable or who are otherwise not candidates for curative surgery.
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer : ALIMTA as a single-agent is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after prior chemotherapy.
The effectiveness of ALIMTA in second-line NSCLC was based on the surrogate endpoint, response rate. There are no controlled trials demonstrating a clinical benefit, such as a favorable survival effect or improvement of disease-related symptoms.
ALIMTA is contraindicated in patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to pemetrexed or to any other ingredient used in the formulation.
Decreased Renal Function
ALIMTA is primarily eliminated unchanged by renal excretion. No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with creatinine clearance >/=45 mL/min. Insufficient numbers of patients have been studied with creatinine clearance <45 mL/min to give a dose recommendation. Therefore, ALIMTA should not be administered to patients whose creatinine clearance is <45 mL/min ( see Dose Reduction Recommendations under DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ).
One patient with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance 19 mL/min) who did not receive folic acid and vitamin B 12 died of drug-related toxicity following administration of ALIMTA alone.
Bone Marrow Suppression
ALIMTA can suppress bone marrow function, manifested by neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia ( see ADVERSE REACTIONS ); myelosuppression is usually the dose-limiting toxicity. Dose reductions for subsequent cycles are based on nadir ANC, platelet count, and maximum nonhematologic toxicity seen in the previous cycle ( see Dose Reduction Recommendations under DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ).
Need for Folate and Vitamin B 12 Supplementation
Patients treated with ALIMTA must be instructed to take folic acid and vitamin B 12 as a prophylactic measure to reduce treatment-related hematologic and GI toxicity ( see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ). In clinical studies, less overall toxicity and reductions in Grade 3/4 hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities such as neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, and infection with Grade 3/4 neutropenia were reported when pretreatment with folic acid and vitamin B 12 was administered.
Pregnancy Category D
ALIMTA may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Pemetrexed was fetotoxic and teratogenic in mice at i.p. doses of 0.2 mg/kg (0.6 mg/m 2 ) or 5 mg/kg (15 mg/m 2 ) when given on gestation days 6 through 15. Pemetrexed caused fetal malformations (incomplete ossification of talus and skull bone) at 0.2 mg/kg (about 1/833 the recommended i.v. human dose on a mg/m 2 basis), and cleft palate at 5 mg/kg (about 1/33 the recommended i.v. human dose on a mg/m 2 basis). Embryotoxicity was characterized by increased embryo-fetal deaths and reduced litter sizes. There are no studies of ALIMTA in pregnant women. Patients should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant. If ALIMTA is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking ALIMTA, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.
ALIMTA should be administered under the supervision of a qualified physician experienced in the use of antineoplastic agents. Appropriate management of complications is possible only when adequate diagnostic and treatment facilities are readily available. Treatment-related adverse events of ALIMTA seen in clinical trials have been reversible. Skin rash has been reported more frequently in patients not pretreated with a corticosteroid in clinical trials. Pretreatment with dexamethasone (or equivalent) reduces the incidence and severity of cutaneous reaction ( see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ).
The effect of third space fluid, such as pleural effusion and ascites, on ALIMTA is unknown. In patients with clinically significant third space fluid, consideration should be given to draining the effusion prior to ALIMTA administration.
Complete blood cell counts, including platelet counts and periodic chemistry tests, should be performed on all patients receiving ALIMTA. Patients should be monitored for nadir and recovery, which were tested in the clinical study before each dose and on days 8 and 15 of each cycle. Patients should not begin a new cycle of treatment unless the ANC is >/=1500 cells/mm 3 , the platelet count is >/=100,000 cells/mm 3 , and creatinine clearance is >/=45 mL/min.
ALIMTA is primarily eliminated unchanged renally as a result of glomerular filtration and tubular secretion. Concomitant administration of nephrotoxic drugs could result in delayed clearance of ALIMTA. Concomitant administration of substances that are also tubularly secreted (e.g., probenecid) could potentially result in delayed clearance of ALIMTA.
Although ibuprofen (400 mg qid) can be administered with ALIMTA in patients with normal renal function (creatinine clearance >/=80 mL/min), caution should be used when administering ibuprofen concurrently with ALIMTA to patients with mild to moderate renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance from 45 to 79 mL/min). Patients with mild to moderate renal insufficiency should avoid taking NSAIDs with short elimination half-lives for a period of 2 days before, the day of, and 2 days following administration of ALIMTA.
In the absence of data regarding potential interaction between ALIMTA and NSAIDs with longer half-lives, all patients taking these NSAIDs should interrupt dosing for at least 5 days before, the day of, and 2 days following ALIMTA administration. If concomitant administration of an NSAID is necessary, patients should be monitored closely for toxicity, especially myelosuppression, renal, and gastrointestinal toxicity.
Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
No carcinogenicity studies have been conducted with pemetrexed. Pemetrexed was clastogenic in the in vivo micronucleus assay in mouse bone marrow but was not mutagenic in multiple in vitro tests (Ames assay, CHO cell assay). Pemetrexed administered at i.v. doses of 0.1 mg/kg/day or greater to male mice (about 1/1666 the recommended human dose on a mg/m 2 basis) resulted in reduced fertility, hypospermia, and testicular atrophy.
Pregnancy Category D ( see WARNINGS ).
It is not known whether ALIMTA or its metabolites are excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from ALIMTA, it is recommended that nursing be discontinued if the mother is treated with ALIMTA.
The safety and effectiveness of ALIMTA in pediatric patients have not been established.
Dose adjustments based on age other than those recommended for all patients have not been necessary ( see Special Populations under CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ).
Dose adjustments based on gender other than those recommended for all patients have not been necessary ( see Special Populations under CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ).
Patients with Hepatic Impairment
Patients with bilirubin >1.5 times the upper limit of normal were excluded from clinical trials of ALIMTA. Patients with transaminase >3.0 times the upper limit of normal were routinely excluded from clinical trials if they had no evidence of hepatic metastases. Patients with transaminase from 3 to 5 times the upper limit of normal were included in the clinical trial of ALIMTA if they had hepatic metastases.
Dose adjustments based on hepatic impairment experienced during treatment with ALIMTA are provided in Table 9 ( see Special Populations under CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION ).
Patients with Renal Impairment
ALIMTA is known to be primarily excreted by the kidney. Decreased renal function will result in reduced clearance and greater exposure (AUC) to ALIMTA compared with patients with normal renal function. Cisplatin coadministration with ALIMTA has not been studied in patients with moderate renal impairment ( see Special Populations under CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY ).
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma --In Table 5 adverse events occurring in at least 5% of patients are shown along with important effects (renal failure, infection) occurring at lower rates. Adverse events equally or more common in the cisplatin group are not included. The adverse effects more common in the ALIMTA group were primarily hematologic effects, fever and infection, stomatitis/pharyngitis, and rash/desquamation.
Table 6 compares the incidence (percentage of patients) of CTC Grade 3/4 toxicities in patients who received vitamin supplementation with daily folic acid and vitamin B 12 from the time of enrollment in the study (fully supplemented) with the incidence in patients who never received vitamin supplementation (never supplemented) during the study in the ALIMTA plus cisplatin arm.
The following adverse events were greater in the fully supplemented group compared to the never supplemented group: hypertension (11%, 3%), chest pain (8%, 6%), and thrombosis/embolism (6%, 3%).
For fully supplemented patients treated with ALIMTA plus cisplatin, the incidence of CTC Grade 3/4 fatigue, leukopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia were greater in patients 65 years or older as compared to patients younger than 65. No relevant effect for ALIMTA safety due to gender or race was identified, except an increased incidence of rash in men (24%) compared to women (16%).
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) --Table 7 provides the clinically relevant undesirable effects that have been reported in 265 patients randomly assigned to receive single-agent ALIMTA with folic acid and vitamin B 12 supplementation and 276 patients randomly assigned to receive single-agent docetaxel. All patients were diagnosed with locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC and had received prior chemotherapy.
Clinically relevant Grade 3 and Grade 4 laboratory toxicities were similar between integrated Phase 2 results from three single-agent ALIMTA studies (N=164) and the Phase 3 single-agent ALIMTA study described above, with the exception of neutropenia (12.8% versus 5.3%, respectively) and alanine transaminase elevation (15.2% versus 1.9%, respectively). These differences were likely due to differences in the patient population, since the Phase 2 studies included chemonaive and heavily pretreated breast cancer patients with pre-existing liver metastases and/or abnormal baseline liver function tests.
The incidence of CTC Grade 3/4 hypertension was the only finding demonstrating an age difference in patients treated with ALIMTA and was greater in patients 65 years or older as compared to younger patients. There are insufficient numbers of non-white patients to assess ethnic differences. The incidence of CTC Grade 3/4 dyspnea was higher in males for both treatment arms.
There have been few cases of ALIMTA overdose. Reported toxicities included neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, mucositis, and rash. Anticipated complications of overdose include bone marrow suppression as manifested by neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia. In addition, infection with or without fever, diarrhea, and mucositis may be seen. If an overdose occurs, general supportive measures should be instituted as deemed necessary by the treating physician.
In clinical trials, leucovorin was permitted for CTC Grade 4 leukopenia lasting >/=3 days, CTC Grade 4 neutropenia lasting >/=3 days, and immediately for CTC Grade 4 thrombocytopenia, bleeding associated with Grade 3 thrombocytopenia, or Grade 3 or 4 mucositis. The following intravenous doses and schedules of leucovorin were recommended for intravenous use: 100 mg/m 2 , intravenously once, followed by leucovorin, 50 mg/m 2 , intravenously every 6 hours for 8 days.
The ability of ALIMTA to be dialyzed is unknown.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
ALIMTA is for Intravenous Infusion Only
Combination Use With Cisplatin
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma --The recommended dose of ALIMTA is 500 mg/m 2 administered as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. The recommended dose of cisplatin is 75 mg/m 2 infused over 2 hours beginning approximately 30 minutes after the end of ALIMTA administration. Patients should receive hydration consistent with local practice prior to and/or after receiving cisplatin. See cisplatin package insert for more information.
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer --The recommended dose of ALIMTA is 500 mg/m 2 administered as an intravenous infusion over 10 minutes on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle.
Corticosteroid --Skin rash has been reported more frequently in patients not pretreated with a corticosteroid. Pretreatment with dexamethasone (or equivalent) reduces the incidence and severity of cutaneous reaction. In clinical trials, dexamethasone 4 mg was given by mouth twice daily the day before, the day of, and the day after ALIMTA administration.
Vitamin Supplementation --To reduce toxicity, patients treated with ALIMTA must be instructed to take a low-dose oral folic acid preparation or multivitamin with folic acid on a daily basis. At least 5 daily doses of folic acid must be taken during the 7-day period preceding the first dose of ALIMTA; and dosing should continue during the full course of therapy and for 21 days after the last dose of ALIMTA. Patients must also receive one (1) intramuscular injection of vitamin B 12 during the week preceding the first dose of ALIMTA and every 3 cycles thereafter. Subsequent vitamin B 12 injections may be given the same day as ALIMTA. In clinical trials, the dose of folic acid studied ranged from 350 to 1000 µg, and the dose of vitamin B 12 was 1000 µg. The most commonly used dose of oral folic acid in clinical trials was 400 µg ( see WARNINGS ).
Laboratory Monitoring and Dose Reduction Recommendations
Monitoring --Complete blood cell counts, including platelet counts, should be performed on all patients receiving ALIMTA. Patients should be monitored for nadir and recovery, which were tested in the clinical study before each dose and on days 8 and 15 of each cycle. Patients should not begin a new cycle of treatment unless the ANC is >/=1500 cells/mm 3 , the platelet count is >/=100,000 cells/mm 3 , and creatinine clearance is >/=45 mL/min. Periodic chemistry tests should be performed to evaluate renal and hepatic function.
Dose Reduction Recommendations --Dose adjustments at the start of a subsequent cycle should be based on nadir hematologic counts or maximum nonhematologic toxicity from the preceding cycle of therapy. Treatment may be delayed to allow sufficient time for recovery. Upon recovery, patients should be retreated using the guidelines in Tables 8-10, which are suitable for using ALIMTA as a single agent or in combination with cisplatin.
If patients develop nonhematologic toxicities (excluding neurotoxicity) >/=Grade 3 (except Grade 3 transaminase elevations), ALIMTA should be withheld until resolution to less than or equal to the patient's pre-therapy value. Treatment should be resumed according to guidelines in Table 9.
In the event of neurotoxicity, the recommended dose adjustments for ALIMTA and cisplatin are described in Table 10. Patients should discontinue therapy if Grade 3 or 4 neurotoxicity is experienced.
ALIMTA therapy should be discontinued if a patient experiences any hematologic or nonhematologic Grade 3 or 4 toxicity after 2 dose reductions (except Grade 3 transaminase elevations) or immediately if Grade 3 or 4 neurotoxicity is observed.
Elderly Patients --No dose reductions other than those recommended for all patients are necessary for patients >/=65 years of age.
Children --ALIMTA is not recommended for use in children, as safety and efficacy have not been established in children.
Renally Impaired Patients --In clinical studies, patients with creatinine clearance >/=45 mL/min required no dose adjustments other than those recommended for all patients. Insufficient numbers of patients with creatinine clearance below 45 mL/min have been treated to make dosage recommendations for this group of patients. Therefore, ALIMTA should not be administered to patients whose creatinine clearance is <45 mL/min using the standard Cockcroft and Gault formula (below) or GFR measured by Tc99m-DPTA serum clearance method:
Caution should be exercised when administering ALIMTA concurrently with NSAIDs to patients whose creatinine clearance is <80 mL/min ( see Drug Interactions under PRECAUTIONS ).
Hepatically Impaired Patients --ALIMTA is not extensively metabolized by the liver. Dose adjustments based on hepatic impairment experienced during treatment with ALIMTA are provided in Table 9 ( see Patients with Hepatic Impairment under PRECAUTIONS ).
Preparation and Administration Precautions
As with other potentially toxic anticancer agents, care should be exercised in the handling and preparation of infusion solutions of ALIMTA. The use of gloves is recommended. If a solution of ALIMTA contacts the skin, wash the skin immediately and thoroughly with soap and water. If ALIMTA contacts the mucous membranes, flush thoroughly with water. Several published guidelines for handling and disposal of anticancer agents are available. 1-8 There is no general agreement that all of the procedures recommended in the guidelines are necessary or appropriate.
ALIMTA is not a vesicant. There is no specific antidote for extravasation of ALIMTA. To date, there have been few reported cases of ALIMTA extravasation, which were not assessed as serious by the investigator. ALIMTA extravasation should be managed with local standard practice for extravasation as with other non-vesicants.
Preparation for Intravenous Infusion Administration
Reconstitution and further dilution prior to intravenous infusion is only recommended with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection (preservative free). ALIMTA is physically incompatible with diluents containing calcium, including Lactated Ringer's Injection, USP and Ringer's Injection, USP and therefore these should not be used. Coadministration of ALIMTA with other drugs and diluents has not been studied, and therefore is not recommended.
ALIMTA ® , pemetrexed for injection is available in sterile single-use vials containing 500 mg pemetrexed.
ALIMTA, pemetrexed for injection, should be stored at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Chemical and physical stability of reconstituted and infusion solutions of ALIMTA were demonstrated for up to 24 hours following initial reconstitution, when stored refrigerated, 2-8°C (36-46°F), or at 25°C (77°F), excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. When prepared as directed, reconstituted and infusion solutions of ALIMTA contain no antimicrobial preservatives. Discard unused portion.
ALIMTA is not light sensitive.
Literature issued August 19, 2004
Manufactured by Lilly France S.A.S.
F-67640 Fegersheim, France
for Eli Lilly and Company
Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA
PA 9310 FSAMP
Copyright © 2004, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.
INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS AND CAREGIVERS
(pemetrexed for injection)
Read the Patient Information that comes with ALIMTA before you start treatment and each time you get treated with ALIMTA. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking to your doctor about your medical condition or treatment. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about ALIMTA.
What is ALIMTA?
ALIMTA is a treatment for:
To lower your chances of side effects of ALIMTA, you must also take folic acid and vitamin B 12 prior to and during your treatment with ALIMTA. Your doctor will prescribe a medicine called a "corticosteroid" to take for 3 days during your treatment with ALIMTA. Corticosteroid medicines lower your chances of getting skin reactions with ALIMTA.
ALIMTA has not been studied in children.
What should I tell my doctor before taking ALIMTA?
Tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
How is ALIMTA given?
What should I avoid while taking ALIMTA?
What are the possible side effects of ALIMTA?
Most patients taking ALIMTA will have side effects. Sometimes it is not always possible to tell whether ALIMTA, another medicine, or the cancer itself is causing these side effects. Call your doctor right away if you have a fever, chills, diarrhea, or mouth sores. These symptoms could mean you have an infection.
The most common side effects of ALIMTA when given alone or in combination with cisplatin are:
Talk with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist about any side effect that bothers you or that doesn't go away.
These are not all the side effects of ALIMTA. For more information, ask your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
General information about ALIMTA
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions other than those listed in patient information leaflets. ALIMTA was prescribed for your medical condition.
This leaflet summarizes the most important information about ALIMTA. If you would like more information, talk with your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about ALIMTA that is written for health professionals. You can also call 1-800-Lilly-RX (1-800-545-5979) or visit www.ALIMTA.com.
Literature issued August 19, 2004
Manufactured by Lilly France S.A.S.
F-67640 Fegersheim, France
for Eli Lilly and Company
Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA
PA 9310 FSAMP
Copyright © 2004, Eli Lilly and Company. All rights reserved.