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Climara Transdermal System (Berlex)
- Drugs index
Climara ® estradiol transdermal system
Climara ® , estradiol transdermal system, is designed to release 17(beta)-estradiol continuously upon application to intact skin. Six (6.5, 9.375, 12.5, 15.0, 18.75 and 25.0 cm 2 ) systems are available to provide nominal in vivo delivery of 0.025, 0.0375, 0.05, 0.060, 0.075 or 0.1 mg respectively of estradiol per day. The period of use is 7 days. Each system has a contact surface area of either 6.5, 9.375, 12.5, 15.0, 18.75 or 25.0 cm 2 , and contains 2.0, 2.85, 3.8, 4.55, 5.7 or 7.6 mg of estradiol USP respectively. The composition of the systems per unit area is identical. Estradiol USP (17(beta)-estradiol) is a white, crystalline powder, chemically described as estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17(beta)-diol. It has an empirical formula of C 18 H 24 O 2 and molecular weight of 272.39. The structural formula is:
The Climara ® system comprises two layers. Proceeding from the visible surface toward the surface attached to the skin, these layers are (1) a translucent polyethylene film, and (2) an acrylate adhesive matrix containing estradiol USP. A protective liner (3) of siliconized or fluoropolymer-coated polyester film is attached to the adhesive surface and must be removed before the system can be used.
The active component of the system is 17(beta)-estradiol. The remaining components of the system (acrylate copolymer adhesive, fatty acid esters, and polyethylene backing) are pharmacologically inactive.
The Climara ® system provides systemic estrogen replacement therapy by releasing 17(beta)-estradiol, the major estrogenic hormone secreted by the human ovary.
Endogenous estrogens are largely responsible for the development and maintenance of the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics. Although circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions, estradiol is the principal intracellular human estrogen and is substantially more potent than its metabolites, estrone and estriol, at the receptor level.
The primary source of estrogen in normally cycling adult women is the ovarian follicle, which secretes 70 to 500 mcg of estradiol daily, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. After menopause, most endogenous estrogen is produced by conversion of androstenedione, secreted by the adrenal cortex, to estrone by peripheral tissues. Thus, estrone and the sulfate conjugated form, estrone sulfate, are the most abundant circulating estrogens in postmenopausal women.
Estrogens act through binding to nuclear receptors in estrogen-responsive tissues. To date, two estrogen receptors have been identified. These vary in proportion from tissue to tissue.
Circulating estrogens modulate the pituitary secretion of the gonadotropins, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), through a negative feedback mechanism. Estrogens act to reduce the elevated levels of these hormones seen in postmenopausal women.
A two-year clinical trial enrolled a total of 175 healthy, hysterectomized, postmenopausal, non-osteoporotic (i.e., lumbar spine bone mineral density > 0.9 gm/cm 2 ) women at 10 study centers in the United States. 129 subjects were allocated to receive active treatment with 4 different doses of 17(beta)-estradiol patches (6.5, 12.5, 15, 25 cm 2 ) and 46 subjects were allocated to receive placebo patches. 77% of the randomized subjects (100 on active drug and 34 on placebo) contributed data to the analysis of percent change of A-P spine bone mineral density (BMD), the primary efficacy variable (see Figure 1). A statistically significant overall treatment effect at each timepoint was noted, implying bone preservation for all active treatment groups at all timepoints, as opposed to bone loss for placebo at all timepoints.
Percent change in BMD of the total hip (see Figure 2) was also statistically significantly different from placebo for all active treatment groups. The results of the measurements of biochemical markers supported the finding of efficacy for all doses of transdermal estradiol. Serum osteocalcin levels decreased, indicative of a decrease in bone formation, at all timepoints for all active treatment doses, statistically significantly different from placebo (which generally rose). Urinary deoxypyridinoline and pyridinoline changes also suggested a decrease in bone turnover for all active treatment groups.
Data from the Women's Health Initiative study showed that continuous combined estrogen and progestin (dose equivalent to 0.625 CE and 2.5mg MPA) resulted in a 34% decreased risk for hip fracture or 5 less hip fractures per 10,000 women/year.
Transdermal administration of Climara ® produces mean serum concentrations of estradiol comparable to those produced by premenopausal women in the early follicular phase of the ovulatory cycle. The pharmacokinetics of estradiol following application of the Climara ® system were investigated in 197 healthy postmenopausal women in six studies. In five of the studies Climara ® system was applied to the abdomen and in a sixth study application to the buttocks and abdomen were compared.
Absorption: The Climara ® transdermal delivery system continuously releases estradiol which is transported across intact skin leading to sustained circulating levels of estradiol during a 7-day treatment period. The systemic availability of estradiol after transdermal administration is about 20 times higher than that after oral administration. This difference is due to the absence of first pass metabolism when estradiol is given by the transdermal route.
In a bioavailability study, the Climara ® 6.5 cm 2 was studied with the Climara ® 12.5 cm 2 as reference. The mean estradiol levels in serum from the two sizes are shown in Figure 3.
Dose proportionality was demonstrated for the Climara ® 6.5 cm 2 transdermal system as compared to the Climara ® 12.5 cm 2 transdermal system in a 2-week crossover study with a 1-week washout period between the two-transdermal systems in 24 postmenopausal women.
Dose proportionality was also demonstrated for the Climara ® system (12.5 cm 2 and 25 cm 2 ) in a 1-week study conducted in 54 postmenopausal women. The mean steady state levels (Cavg) of the estradiol during the application of Climara ® 25 cm 2 and 12.5 cm 2 on the abdomen were about 80 and 40 pg/mL, respectively.
In a 3 week multiple application study in 24 postmenopausal women, the 25.0 cm 2 Climara ® system produced average peak estradiol concentrations (Cmax) of approximately 100 pg/mL. Trough values at the end of each wear interval (Cmin) were approximately 35 pg/mL. Nearly identical serum curves were seen each week, indicating little or no accumulation of estradiol in the body. Serum estrone peak and trough levels were 60 and 40 pg/mL, respectively.
In a single dose, randomized, crossover study conducted to compare the effect of site of application, 38 postmenopausal women wore a single Climara ® 25 cm 2 system for 1 week on the abdomen and buttocks. The estradiol serum concentration profiles are shown in Figure 4. Cmax and Cavg values were, respectively, 25% and 17% higher with the buttock application than with the abdomen application.
Table 1 provides a summary of estradiol pharmacokinetic parameters determined during evaluation of Climara
[See table below]
The relative standard deviation of each pharmacokinetic parameter after application to the abdomen averaged 50%, which is indicative of the considerable intersubject variability associated with transdermal drug delivery. The relative standard deviation of each pharmacokinetic parameter after application to the buttock was lower than that after application to the abdomen (e.g., for Cmax 39% vs 62%, and for Cavg 35% vs 48%).
The distribution of exogenous estrogens is similar to that of endogenous estrogens. Estrogens are widely distributed in the body and are generally found in higher concentrations in the sex hormone target organs. Estrogens circulate in the blood largely bound to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and albumin.
Exogenous estrogens are metabolized in the same manner as endogenous estrogens. Circulating estrogens exist in a dynamic equilibrium of metabolic interconversions. These transformations take place mainly in the liver. Estradiol is converted reversibly to estrone, and both can be converted to estriol, which is the major urinary metabolite. Estrogens also undergo enterohepatic recirculation via sulfate and glucuronide conjugation in the liver, biliary secretion of conjugates into the intestine, and hydrolysis in the gut followed by reabsorption. In postmenopausal women, a significant proportion of the circulating estrogens exist as sulfate conjugates, especially estrone sulfate, which serves as a circulating reservoir for the formation of more active estrogens.
Estradiol, estrone, and estriol are excreted in the urine along with glucuronide and sulfate conjugates.
In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that estrogens are metabolized partially by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Therefore, inducers or inhibitors of CYP3A4 may affect estrogen drug metabolism. Inducers of CYP3A4 such as St. John's Wort preparations (Hypericum perforatum), phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and rifampin may reduce plasma concentrations of estrogens, possibly resulting in a decrease in therapeutic effects and/or changes in the uterine bleeding profile. Inhibitors of CYP3A4 such as erythromycin, clarithromycin, ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir and grapefruit juice may increase plasma concentrations of estrogens and may result in side effects.
Geriatric: There have not been sufficient numbers of geriatric patients involved in clinical studies utilizing Climara ® to determine whether those over 65 years of age differ from younger subjects in their response to Climara ® .
Pediatric: No pharmacokinetic study for Climara ® has been conducted in a pediatric population.
Gender: Climara ® is indicated for use in women only.
Race: No studies were done to determine the effect of race on the pharmacokinetics of Climara ® .
Patients with Renal Impairment: Total estradiol serum levels are higher in postmenopausal women with end stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving maintenance hemodialysis than in normal subjects at baseline and following oral doses of estradiol. Therefore, conventional transdermal estradiol doses used in individuals with normal renal function may be excessive for postmenopausal women with ESRD receiving maintenance hemodialysis.
Patients with Hepatic Impairment: Estrogens may be poorly metabolized in patients with impaired liver function and should be administered with caution.
An open-label study of adhesion potentials of placebo transdermal systems that correspond to the 6.5 cm 2 and 12.5 cm 2 sizes of Climara ® was conducted in 112 healthy women of 45-75 years of age. Each woman applied both transdermal systems weekly, on the upper outer abdomen, for 3 consecutive weeks. It should be noted that lower abdomen and upper quadrant of the buttock are the approved sites of application for Climara ® .
The adhesion assessment was done visually on Days 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 of each week of transdermal system wear. A total of 1654 adhesion observations were conducted for 333 transdermal systems of each size.
Of these observations, approximately 90% showed essentially no lift for both the 6.5 cm 2 and 12.5 cm 2 transdermal systems. Of the total number of transdermal systems applied, approximately 5% showed complete detachment for each size. Adhesion potentials of the 18.75 cm 2 and 25.0 cm 2 sizes of transdermal systems (0.075 mg/day and 0.1 mg/day) have not been studied.
Climara ® is effective in reducing moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women.
A total of 214 patients were enrolled in a study to determine the efficacy of Climara ® 0.05 mg/day and 0.1 mg/day compared to placebo and an active comparator. Women took drug in a cyclical fashion (three weeks on and one week off).
A study of 214 women 25 to 74 years old met the qualification criteria and were randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups: 72 to the 0.05 mg estradiol patch, 70 to the 0.1 mg estradiol patch, and 72 to placebo. Potential subjects were postmenopausal women in good general health who experienced vasomotor symptoms. Natural menopause patients had not menstruated for at least 12 months and surgical menopause patients had undergone bilateral oophorectomy at least 4 weeks before evaluation for study entry. In order to enter the 11-week treatment phase of the study, potential subjects must have experienced a minimum of five moderate to severe hot flushes per week, or a minimum of 15 hot flushes of any severity per week, for 2 consecutive weeks. Women wore the patches in a cyclical fashion (three weeks on and one week off).
During treatment, all subjects used diaries to record the number and severity of hot flushes. Subjects were monitored by clinic visits at the end of weeks 1, 3, 7, and 11 and by telephone at the end of weeks 4, 5, 8, and 9.
Adequate data for the analysis of efficacy was available from 191 subjects. The results are presented as the mean ± SD number of flushes in each of the 3 treatment weeks of each 4-week cycle. In the 0.05 mg estradiol group, the mean weekly hot flush rate across all treatment cycles decreased from 46 ± 6.5 at baseline to 20 ± 3.0 (-67.0%). The 0.1 mg estradiol group had a decline in the mean weekly hot flush rate from 52 ± 4.4 at baseline to 16 ± 2.4 (-72.0%). In the placebo group, the mean weekly hot flush rate declined from 53 ± 4.5 at baseline to 46 ± 6.5 (-18.1%). Compared with placebo, the 0.05 mg and 0.1 mg estradiol groups showed a statistically significantly larger mean decrease in hot flushes across all treatment cycles (P<0.05). When the response to treatment was analyzed for each of the three cycles of therapy, similar statistically significant differences were observed between both estradiol treatment groups and the placebo group during all treatment cycles.
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study of 187 women receiving Climara ® 0.025 mg/day or placebo continuously for up to three 28-day cycles, the Climara ® 0.025 mg/day dosage was shown to be statistically better than placebo at weeks 4 and 12 for relief of both the frequency and severity of moderate-to-severe vasomotor symptoms.
A second active-control trial of 193 randomized subjects was supportive of the placebo-controlled trial.
Women's Health Initiative Studies
The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) enrolled a total of 27,000 predominantly healthy postmenopausal women to assess the risks and benefits of either the use of 0.625 mg conjugated estrogens (CE) per day alone or the use of 0.625 mg conjugated estrogens plus 2.5 mg medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) per day compared to placebo in the prevention of certain chronic diseases. The primary endpoint was the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) (nonfatal myocardial infarction and CHD death), with invasive breast cancer as the primary adverse outcome studied. A "global index" included the earliest occurrence of CHD, invasive breast cancer, stroke, pulmonary embolism (PE), endometrial cancer, colorectal cancer, hip fixture, or death due to other cause. The study did not evaluate the effects of CE or CE/MPA on menopausal symptoms.
The CE-only substudy is continuing and results have not been reported. The CE/MPA substudy was stopped early because, according to the predefined stopping rule, the increased risk of breast cancer and cardiovascular events exceeded the specified benefits included in the "global index." Results of the CE/MPA substudy, which included 16,608 women (average age of 63 years, range 50 to 79; 83.9% White, 6.5% Black, 5.5% Hispanic), after an average follow-up of 5.2 years are presented in Table 3 below:
For those outcomes included in the "global index," absolute excess risks per 10,000 person-years in the group treated with CE/MPA were 7 more CHD events, 8 more strokes, 8 more PEs, and 8 more invasive breast cancers, while absolute risk reductions per 10,000 person-years were 6 fewer colorectal cancers and 5 fewer hip fractures. The absolute excess risk of events included in the "global index" was 19 per 10,000 person-years. There was no difference between the groups in terms of all-cause mortality. (See BOXED WARNINGS , WARNINGS , and PRECAUTIONS .)
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Climara ® is indicated in the:
The mainstays for decreasing the risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis are weight bearing exercise, adequate calcium and vitamin D intake, and when indicated, pharmacologic therapy. Postmenopausal women require an average of 1500mg/day of elemental calcium. Therefore, when not contraindicated, calcium supplementation may be helpful for women with suboptimal dietary intake. Vitamin D supplementation of 400-800 IU/day may also be required to ensure adequate daily intake in postmenopausal women.
Estrogen therapy reduces bone resorption and retards or halts postmenopausal bone loss. Studies have shown an approximately 60% reduction in hip and wrist fractures in women whose estrogen therapy was begun within a few years of menopause. Studies also suggest that estrogen reduces the rate of vertebral fractures. Even when started as late as 6 years after menopause, estrogen prevents further loss of bone mass for as long as treatment is continued. When estrogen therapy is discontinued, bone mass declines at a rate comparable to the immediate postmenopausal period.
Early menopause is one of the strongest predictors for the development of osteoporosis in all women. Other factors associated with osteoporosis include genetic factors, lifestyle and nutrition.
Estrogens and estrogen/progestin therapy should not be used in individuals with any of the following conditions:
See BOXED WARNINGS
The use of unopposed estrogens in women who have a uterus is associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer.
Physicians are advised to discuss the PATIENT INFORMATION leaflet with patients for whom they prescribe Climara ® . See text of Patient Information after the HOW SUPPLIED .
C. LABORATORY TESTS
Estrogen administration should be initiated at the lowest dose for the approved indication and then guided by clinical response, rather than by serum hormone levels (e.g., estradiol, FSH).
D.DRUG/LABORATORY TEST INTERACTIONS
E. CARCINOGENESES, MUTAGENESIS, AND IMPAIRMENT OF FERTILITY
Long-term continuous administration of natural and synthetic estrogens in certain animal species increases the frequency of carcinomas of the breast, uterus, cervix, vagina, testis, and liver. (See BOXED WARNINGS , CONTRAINDICATIONS , and WARNINGS .)
Climara ® should not be used during pregnancy. (See CONTRAINDICATIONS .)
G. NURSING MOTHERS
Estrogen administration to nursing mothers has been shown to decrease the quantity and quality of the milk. Detectable amounts of estrogens have been identified in the milk of mothers receiving this drug. Caution should be exercised when Climara ® is administered to a nursing woman.
H. PEDIATRIC USE
Estrogen replacement therapy has been used for the induction of puberty in adolescents with some forms of pubertal delay. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not otherwise been established. Large and repeated doses of estrogen over an extended time period have been shown to accelerate epiphyseal closure, which could result in short adult stature if treatment is initiated before the completion of physiologic puberty in normally developing children. If estrogen is administered to patients whose bone growth is not complete, periodic monitoring of bone maturation and effects on epiphyseal centers is recommended during estrogen administration. Estrogen treatment of prepubertal girls also induces premature breast development and vaginal cornification, and may induce vaginal bleeding. In boys, estrogen treatment may modify the normal pubertal process and induce gynecomastia. (See INDICATIONS and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION .)
There have not been sufficient numbers of geriatric patients involved in clinical studies utilizing Climara ® to determine whether those over 65 years of age differ from younger subjects in their response to Climara ®
See BOXED WARNINGS , WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS .
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. The adverse reaction information from clinical trials does, however, provide a basis for identifying the adverse events that appear to be related to drug use and for approximating rates.
[See table below]
The following additional adverse reactions have been reported with estrogens:
Overdosage may cause nausea, and withdrawal bleeding may occur in females. Serious ill effects have not been reported following acute ingestion of large doses of estrogen/progestin-containing oral contraceptives by young children.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
When estrogen is prescribed for a postmenopausal woman with a uterus, progestin should also be initiated to reduce the risk of endometrial cancer. A woman without a uterus does not need progestin. Use of estrogen, alone or in combination with a progestin, should be limited to the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. Patients should be reevaluated periodically as clinically appropriate (e.g., 3-month to 6-month intervals) to determine if treatment is still necessary (See BOXED WARNINGS and WARNINGS .) For women who have a uterus, adequate diagnostic measures, such as endometrial sampling, when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in cases of undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Initiation of Therapy
Patients should be started at the lowest dose. Six (6.5, 9.375, 12.5, 15.0, 18.75 and 25.0 cm2) Climara ® systems are available. For the treatment of vasomotor symptoms, treatment should be initiated with the 6.5 cm 2 (0.025 mg/day) Climara ® system applied to the skin once weekly. The dose should be adjusted as necessary to control symptoms. Clinical responses (relief of symptoms) at the lowest effective dose should be the guide for establishing administration of the Climara ® system, especially in women with an intact uterus. Attempts to taper or discontinue the medication should be made at 3- to 6-month intervals. In women who are not currently taking oral estrogens, treatment with the Climara ® system can be initiated at once. In women who are currently taking oral estrogen, treatment with the Climara ® system can be initiated 1-week after withdrawal of oral therapy or sooner if symptoms reappear in less than 1-week. For the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, the minimum dose that has been shown to be effective is the 6.5 cm 2 (0.025 mg/day) Climara ® system. Response to therapy can be assessed by biochemical markers and measurement of bone mineral density.
Application of the System
The adhesive side of the Climara ® system should be placed on a clean, dry area of the lower abdomen or the upper quadrant of the buttock. The Climara ® system should not be applied to or near the breasts. The sites of application must be rotated, with an interval of at least 1-week allowed between applications to a particular site. The area selected should not be oily, damaged, or irritated. The waistline should be avoided, since tight clothing may rub and remove the system. Application to areas where sitting would dislodge the system should also be avoided. The system should be applied immediately after opening the pouch and removing the protective liner. The system should be pressed firmly in place with the fingers for about 10 seconds, making sure there is good contact, especially around the edges. If the system lifts, apply pressure to maintain adhesion. In the event that a system should fall off, a new system should be applied for the remainder of the 7-day dosing interval. Only one system should be worn at any one time during the 7-day dosing interval. Swimming, bathing, or using a sauna while using the Climara ® system has not been studied, and these activities may decrease the adhesion of the system and the delivery of estradiol.
Removal of the System:
Removal of the system should be done carefully and slowly to avoid irritation of the skin. Should any adhesive remain on the skin after removal of the system, allow the area to dry for 15 minutes. Then gently rubbing the area with an oil-based cream or lotion should remove the adhesive residue.
Used patches still contain some active hormones. Each patch should be carefully folded in half so that it sticks to itself before throwing it away.
(estradiol transdermal system), 0.025 mg/day -- each 6.5 cm
system contains 2.0 mg of estradiol USP
Individual Carton of 4 systems
(estradiol transdermal system), 0.0375 mg/day -- each 9.375 cm
system contains 2.85 mg of estradiol USP
(estradiol transdermal system), 0.0375 mg/day -- each 9.375 cm
system contains 2.85 mg of estradiol USP
Individual Carton of 4 systems
(estradiol transdermal system), 0.05 mg/day -- each 12.5 cm
system contains 3.8 mg of estradiol USP
Individual Carton of 4 systems
(estradiol transdermal system), 0.060 mg/day -- each 15.0 cm
system contains 4.55 mg of estradiol USP
Individual Carton of 4 systems
(estradiol transdermal system), 0.075 mg/day -- each 18.75 cm
system contains 5.7 mg of estradiol USP
Individual Carton of 4 systems
(estradiol transdermal system), 0.1 mg/day -- each 25.0 cm
system contains 7.6 mg of estradiol USP
Individual Carton of 4 systems
Do not store above 86°F (30°C). Do not store unpouched. Apply immediately upon removal from the protective pouch.
PATIENT INFORMATION Updated 1/8/04
(estradiol transdermal system)
Read this PATIENT INFORMATION before you start taking Climara ® and read what you get each time you refill Climara ® . There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking to your health care provider about your medical condition or your treatment.
What is the most important information I should know about Climara ® (an estrogen hormone)?
Using estrogens with or without progestins may increase your chances of getting heart attack, strokes, breast cancer, and blood clots.You and your healthcare provider should talk regularly about whether you still need treatment with Climara ® .
What is Climara ® ?
Climara ® is a medicine that contains estrogen hormones.
What is Climara ® used for?
Climara ® is used after menopause to:
Who should not take Climara ® ?
Do not start taking Climara ® if you:
Tell your health care provider:
How the Patch Works
The Climara ® patch releases estradiol, which flows through the skin into the bloodstream.
How and Where to Apply the Climara® Patch
Each Climara ® patch is individually sealed in a protective pouch. To open the pouch, hold it vertically with the Climara ® name facing you. Tear off the top of the pouch using the top tear notch. Tear off the side of the pouch using the side tear notch. Pull the pouch open. The Climara ® patch is the see-through plastic film attached to the clear thicker plastic backing. There is a silver foil-sticker attached to the inside of the pouch. Do not remove it from the pouch. The sticker contains a moisture protectant (desiccant). Lift out the Climara ® patch. Notice that the patch is attached to a thicker, hard-plastic backing and that the patch itself is oval and see-through.
Apply the sticky side of the Climara ® patch to a clean, dry area of the lower stomach below your belly button or the top of the buttocks (see diagram below). Do not apply the Climara ® patch to your breasts. The sites of application on the lower stomach and buttocks must be rotated, allowing at least 1 week between applications to the same site. The site selected should not be oily, damaged, or irritated. Avoid the waistline, since tight clothing may rub and remove the patch. Also, do not put the patch on areas where sitting would rub it off or loosen it. Apply the patch right after opening the pouch and removing the protective liner. Press the patch firmly in place with your fingers for about 10 seconds. Make sure that it sticks all over, especially around the edges.
The Climara ® patch should be worn continuously for one week. You may wish to try different sites when putting on a new patch, to find ones that are most comfortable for you and where clothing will not rub on the patch or loosen it.
When to Apply the Climara ® System?
The Climara ® patch should be changed once weekly. Remove the used patch. Carefully fold it in half so that it sticks to itself because used patches still contain active hormones and discard it. Any adhesive that might remain on your skin can be easily rubbed off. Then place the new Climara ® patch on a different skin site. (The same skin site should not be used again for at least 1 week after removal of the patch.)
Contact with water when you are bathing, swimming, or showering may affect the patch. If the patch falls off, the same patch may be reapplied to another area of the lower abdomen. Make sure that there is good contact, especially around the edges. If the patch will not stick completely to your skin, put a new patch on a different area of the lower abdomen. Do not apply two patches at the same time.
Estrogens should be used only as long as needed. You and your health care provider should talk regularly (for example, every 3 to 6 months) about whether you still need treatment with Climara ® .
What are the possible side effects of estrogens?
Less common but serious side effects include:
These are some of the warning signs of serious side effects:
Call your health care provider right away if you get any of these warning signs, or any other unusual symptom that concerns you.
Common side effects include:
Other side effects include:
These are not all the possible side effects of Climara ® For more information, ask your health care provider or pharmacist.
What can I do to lower my chances of a serious side effect with Climara ® ?
General information about safe and effective use of Climara ®
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions that are not mentioned in patient information leaflets. Do not take Climara ® for conditions for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Climara ® to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.
Keep Climara ® out of the reach of children.
This leaflet provides a summary of the most important information about Climara ® . If you would like more information, talk with your health care provider or pharmacist. You can ask for information about Climara ® that is written for health professionals. You can get more information by calling the toll free number (1-888-237-5394).
What are the ingredients in Climara ® ?
The active ingredient of Climara ® is estradiol. Climara ® also contains acrylate copolymer adhesive, fatty acid esters, and polyethylene backing.
© 2005, Berlex. All rights reserved.
Berlex, Montville NJ 07045
Manufactured by 3m Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN 55144
6006501 (3M # 635000) January 2005