Henri Joseph Leon Baudrillart - Encyclopedia


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HENRI JOSEPH LEON BAUDRILLART (1821-1892), French economist, was born in Paris on the 28th of November 1821. His father, Jacques Joseph (1774-1832), was a distinguished writer on forestry, and was for many years in the service of the French government, eventually becoming the head of that branch of the department of agriculture which had charge of the state forests. Henri was educated at the College Bourbon, where he had a distinguished career, and in 1852 he was appointed assistant lecturer in political economy to M. Chevalier at the College de France. In 1866, on the creation of a new chair of economic history, Baudrillart was appointed to fill it. His first work was an Eloge de Turgot (1846), which at once won him notice among the economists. In 1853 he published an erudite work on Jean Bodin et son temps; then in 1857 a Manuel d'economie politique; in 1860, Des rapports de la morale et de l'economie politique; in 1865, La Liberte du travail; and from 1878 to 1880, L'Histoire du luxe. .. depuis l'antiquite jusqu'd nos fours, in four volumes. At the instance of the Academie des Sciences Morales et Politiques he investigated the condition of the farming classes of France, and published the results in four volumes (1885, et seq.). From 1855 to 1864 he directed the Journal des economistes, and contributed many articles to the Journal des debats and to the Revue des deux mondes. His writings are distinguished by their style, as well as by their profound erudition. In 1863 he was elected member of the Academie des Sciences Morales et Politiques; in 1870 he was appointed inspector-general of public libraries, and in 1881 he succeeded J. Gamier as professor of political economy at the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussees. Baudrillart was made an officer of the Legion of Honour in 1889. He died in Paris on the 24th of January 1892.

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