"HENRI LOUIS BERGSON (1859-), French philosopher, was born in Paris Oct. 18 1859. Educated at the Lycee Corot, and the Rcole Normale he was successively professor of philosophy at the Lycee d'Angers 1881-3, at the Lycee de Clermont 1883-8, at the College Rollin 1888-9, at the Lycee Henry IV. 1889-97, at the Ecole Normale Superieure 1897-1900 and at the College de France 1900-21. In 1912 he was Gif ford lecturer at Edinburgh. Of the three works which constitute together the full exposition of his interpretation of experience, la Conscience was published in 1889, Matiere et Memoire in 1896, and L'Evolution Creatrice in 1907. The English translations (Time and Free Will, Matter and Memory and Creative Evolution) all belong to 1910-1. He had published also Le Rire (1900). With the exception of a pamphlet, La Significance de la Guerre (1915), nothing more appeared until L'Energie Spirituelle (1919), with Eng. trans. Mind-Energy (1920). For a discussion of his work, see Philosophy.
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