Ibn Paquda Bahya - Encyclopedia


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IBN PAQUDA BAHYA, a Jewish ethical writer who flourished at Saragossa in the 11th century. In 1040 he wrote in Arabic a treatise, Duties of the Heart. This book was one of the most significant and influential Jewish works of the middle ages. Bahya portrays an intensely spiritual conception of religion, and rises at times to great heights of impassioned mysticism.

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BAIF The Law, in the rabbinical sense, was reverenced by Bahya, and he converted it into part and parcel of the Jew's inner life. The book is divided into ten parts: - the Unity of God; Contemplation; Worship; Trust; Consecration; Humility; Repentance; Self-Examination; the Ascetic Life; the Love of God. Some selections from Balhya's work have been rendered into English by E. Collins. (I. A.)

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