JULIUS FURST (1805-1873), German Orientalist, was born of Jewish parents at Zerkowo in Posen, on the 12th of May 1805. He studied philosophy and philology at Berlin, and oriental literature at Posen, Breslau and Halle. In 1857 he was appointed to a lectureship at the university of Leipzig, and he was promoted to a professorship in 1864, which he held until his death at Leipzig on the 9th of February 1873. Among his writings may be mentioned Lehrgebciude der aramdischen Idiome (Leipzig, 18 35); Librorum sacrorum Veteris Testamenti concordantiae Hebraicae atqueChaldaicae(Leipzig, 1837-1840); Hebreiischesund chalddisches Worterbuch (1851, English translation by S. Davidson 1867); Kultur and Literaturgeschichte der Juden in Asien (1849). Hirst also edited a valuable Bibliotheca Judaica (Leipzig, 1849-1863), and was the author of some other works of minor importance. From 1840 to 1851 he was editor of Der Orient, a journal devoted to the language, literature, history and antiquities of the Jews.
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