"PAUL FREDERICQ (1850-1920), Belgian historian, was born at Ghent, Aug. 12 1850, and was educated at the university of Liege, where he became professor of history, later (1883) occupying the same position at Ghent. His chief works were Essai sur le role politique et social des dues de Bourgogne dans les PaysBas (1875) and Corpus documentorum Inquisitionis hereticae pravitatis Neerlandical (1889-1906, 5 vols.), and many shorter studies, principally on the religious history of the 16th century and the history of the Flemish literature. He was a strong supporter of the Flemish movement, of which he wrote a history, Schets eener Geschiedenis der Vlaamsche Bewegnig (1906-9). On the invasion of Belgium by the Germans he was active in encouraging the patriotic feelings of his countrymen and urging every sort of moral resistance to the enemy, being in consequence deported to Germany (March 16 1916), in company with Prof. H. Pirenne. He was interned successively at Giitersloh, Jena and Biirgel. He returned to Belgium after the Armistice and was appointed rector of Ghent University. His imprisonment, however, had seriously weakened his health, and he died March 23 1920. He was a member of the Academie Royale de Belgique, the Commission Royale d'Histoire and the Academie des Pays-Bas, and his influence on the teaching of history in Belgium was profound. He was converted to Protestantism in his youth, and his tendencies in religion, as in politics, were liberal.
See Ch. Nyrop, L'Arrestation des professeurs belges et l'Universite de Gand (Paris, 1917; also translated into English and Danish); V. Fris, Les deux historiens nationaux exiles pour leur patriotisme (1919).
(H. P.) Fremiet, Emmanuel (1824-1910), French sculptor (see 11.96), died Sept. 11 1910.
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