Frederick Huntington Gillett - Encyclopedia




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"FREDERICK HUNTINGTON GILLETT (1851-), American politician, was born at Westfield, Mass., Oct. 16 1851. He was educated at Amherst (A.B. 1874; A.M. 1877) and at the Harvard Law School (LL.B. 1877). In 1877 he began to practise law in Springfield, 1ltass. From 1879 to 1882 he was assistant attorney-general of Mass., and in 1890 was elected to the Mass. House of Representatives, serving two terms. In 1893 he was elected U.S. congressman and thereafter repeatedly reelected to serve through 1923. He was a member of the Appropriations Committee and chairman of the Committee on Civil Service Reform. In 1914 he favoured the Panama Canal Tolls Repeal bill but opposed the administration's Mexican policy. In an address before the Pan-American Commercial Congress, 1919, certain of his remarks about Mexico brought protest to the State Department from the Mexican charge d'affaires and led the Mexican Government to withdraw its delegates. In May 1919 he superseded Champ Clark (Democrat) as Speaker of the House, and in 1920 was a delegate-at-large to the Republican National Convention.

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