NANDGAON, a feudatory state of India, in the Chhattisgarh division of the Central Provinces. Area, 871 sq. m.; pop. (1901) 126,356, showing a decrease of 31% in the decade, due to famine; estimated revenue £23,000; tribute £4600. The state has a peculiar history. Its foundation is traced to a religious celibate, who came from the Punjab towards the end of the 18th century. From the founder it passed through a succession of chosen disciples until 1879, when the British government recognized 'the ruler as an hereditary chief and afterwards conferred upon his son the title of Raja Bahadur. The state has long been well administered, and has derived additional prosperity from the construction of the Bengal-Nagpur railway, which has a station at Raj-Nandgaon, the capital (pop. 11,094). Here there is a steam cotton mill.
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