NEW IBERIA, a city of Louisiana, U.S.A., capital of Iberia parish, on the Bayou Teche, in the southern part of the state, about 125 m. W. of New Orleans. Pop. (1890) 3447; (Igloo) 6815 (3309 negroes); (1910) 7499. It is served by the Southern Pacific, the Franklin and Abbeville, and the New Iberia & Northern railways. Lumber, sugar, cotton and rice are produced in the neighbourhood. At the village of Avery Island, about 10 m. S.E., there are deposits of rock salt. The municipality owns and operates the waterworks and the electric lighting plant. New Iberia was laid out in 1835 and was chartered as a city in 1839.
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