NICOMACHUS, of Thebes, Greek painter, of the early part of the 4th century, was a contemporary of the greatest painters of Greece; Vitruvius observes that if his fame was less than theirs, it_ was the fault of fortune rather than of demerit. Pliny (xxxv. 108) gives a list of his works; among them a " Rape of Persephone, ' " Victory in a Quadriga," a .group of Apollo and Artemis, and! the " Mother of the Gods seated on a Lion." Pliny tells usthat. he was a very rapid worker and used but four colours (the last. seems impossible). Plutarch mentions his paintings as possessing; the Homeric merit of ease and absence of effort.
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