NORTHEIM, a town of Germany, in the Prussian province of Hanover, on the Ruhme, 12 m. by rail N. of Gottingen and at the junction of railways to Cassel and Nordhausen. Pop. (1905) 79 8 4. It has an interesting Evangelical church, containing some old wood-carving and stained glass, a Roman Catholic church, several schools and a training college for schoolmasters. There are manufactures of tobacco, sugar and boots; other industries are flour-milling, tanning and brewing. The place is said to date from the 9th century; it obtained civic rights in 1208, and later became a member of the Hanseatic League. It was stormed by the imperial troops in June 1627. The Benedictine abbey of St Blasius was founded in 1063 and dissolved at the Reformation.
See Wennigerholz, Beschreibung and Geschichte der Stadt Northeim (Northeim, 1896).
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