'QUEEN (O.E.' cwen, wife, related to "quean," O.E. cwene, a hussy; cf. Gr. ^yvvi i : from root gan-, to produce; cf. genus, " kin," &c.), the title of the consort or wife of a king ("queen consort"), or of a woman who is herself the sovereign ruler of a state ("queen regnant"); the widow of a former reigning sovereign is a "queen dowager," and, when the mother of the reigning sovereign, a "queen mother." For the position of the queen in English constitutional law see Consort, and for her household see Household, Royal.
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