Andre De Resende - Encyclopedia


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ANDRE DE RESENDE (1498-1573), the father of archaeology in Portugal, began life as a Dominican friar, but about 1540 passed over to the ranks of the secular clergy. He spent many years travelling in Spain, France and Belgium, where he corresponded with Erasmus and other learned men. He was also intimate with King John III. and his sons, and acted as tutor to the Infante D. Duarte. Resende enjoyed considerable fame in his lifetime, but modern writers have shown that he is neither accurate nor scrupulous. In Portuguese he wrote: (1) Historia da antiguidade da cidade de Evora (ibid. 1553); (2) Vida do Infante D. Duarte (Lisbon, 1789). His chief Latin work is the De Antiquitatibus Lusitaniae (Evora, 1593). See the "Life" of Resende in Farinha's Colleccdo das antiguidades de Evora (1785), and a biographical-critical article by Rivara in. the Revista Litteraria (Oporto, 1839), iii. 340-62; also Cleynarts, Latin Letters. (E. PR.)

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