Jean Baptiste Regnault - Encyclopedia


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JEAN BAPTISTE REGNAULT (1754-1829), French painter, was born at Paris on the 9th of October 1754, and died in the same city on the 12th of November 1829. He began life at sea in a merchant vessel, but at the age of fifteen his talent attracted attention, and he was sent to Italy by M. de Monval under the care of Bardin. After his return to Paris, Regnault, in 1776, obtained the Grand Prix, and in 1783 he was elected Academician. His diploma picture, the "Education of Achilles by Chiron," is now in the Louvre, as also the "Christ taken down from the Cross," originally executed for the royal chapel at Fontainebleau, and two minor works - the "Origin of Painting" and "Pygmalion praying Venus to give Life to his Statue." Besides various small pictures and allegorical subjects, Regnault was also the author of many large historical paintings; and his school, which reckoned amongst its chief attendants Guerin, Crepin, Lafitte, Blondel, Robert Lefevre and Menjaud, was for a long while the rival in influence of that of David.

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