John Shore, 1st baron Teignmouth - Encyclopedia




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JOHN SHORE TEIGNMOUTH, 1ST Baron (1751-1834), governor-general of India, was born on the 8th of October 1751, the son of Thomas Shore, a supercargo in the service of the East India Company. He was educated at Harrow, and went out to India as a writer in the Bengal. Civil Service in 1769. He became a member of the Supreme Council (1787-89), in which capacity he assisted Lord Cornwallis in introducing many reforms, but did not approve his permanent settlement of Bengal. On the retirement of Cornwallis, he was appointed governorgeneral (1793-98), adopting a policy of non-interference, but deposed Wazir Ali, for whom he substituted Saadat Ali as nawab of Oudh. His term of office was also signalized by a mutiny of the officers of the Indian army, which he met with concessions. He was created a baronet in 1792, and Baron Teignmouth in the peerage of Ireland in 1798. On his retirement from India he was appointed member of the board of control (1807-28), and was for many years president of the British and Foreign Bible Society. He died on the 14th of February 1834.

See Memoirs of Lord Teignmouth, by his son (1843).

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