TAULANTII, in ancient geography, an Illyrian people in the neighbourhood of Epidamnus (Thuc. i. 24). They were originally powerful and independent, under their own kings. One of these was Glaucias, who fought against Alexander the Great, and placed Pyrrhus, the infant king of Epirus, whom he had refused to surrender to Cassander, upon the throne (Plutarch, Pyrrhus, 3). Later the Taulantii fell under the sway of the kings of Illyria, and when the Romans were carrying on war agairrst the Illyrian queen, Teuta, they were unimportant.
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