TYPHOON (probably from the Arabic and Hindustani tufdn, a tempest, which is perhaps derived from Typhon, q.v.: the Chinese t'ai fang, strong wind, is not used in application to typhoons), the name given to a heavy cyclonic storm in the seas fringing the eastern coast of Asia from Japan to the Philippine Islands. Typhoons generally occur in a series during the months of August, September and October, the season when the belt of equatorial calms in the Pacific Ocean reaches its most northerly extension.
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