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ENDNOTES

  1. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (1997). Whatever Happened to Childhood? The Problem of Teen Pregnancy in the United States. Washington, DC: Author.
  2. Analysis of Henshaw, S.K., U.S. Teenage Pregnancy Statistics, New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, May, 1996; and Forest, J.D., Proportion of U.S. Women Ever Pregnant Before Age 20, New York: Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1986, unpublished.
  3. Henshaw, S.K. (1998). Unintended Pregnancy in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives, 30(1):24-29, 46. Based on data from the 1982, 1988, and 1995 cycles of the National Survey of Family Growth, supplemented by data from other sources.
  4. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (1997). Whatever Happened to Childhood? The Problem of Teen Pregnancy in the United States. Washington, DC: Author.
  5. Ventura, S.J., Curtin, S.C., & Mathews, T.J. (1998). Teenage births in the United States; National and State trends, 1990-1996. National Vital Statistics System. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics.
  6. Moore, K.A., & Driscoll, A. (1997). Partners, Predators, Peers, Protectors: Males and Teen Pregnancy. In Not Just for Girls: The Roles of Boys and Men in Teen Pregnancy (pp. 5-10). Washington, DC. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
  7. Maynard, R.A., (Ed.). (1996). Kids Having Kids: A Robin Hood Foundation Special Report on the Costs of Adolescent Childbearing, New York: Robin Hood Foundation.
  8. Calculations based on the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979-1985) in Congressional Budget Office. (1990, September). Sources of Support for Adolescent Mothers. Washington, DC:Author.
  9. Wolfe, B., & Perozek, M. (1997). Teen Children's Health and Health Care Use. In R.A. Maynard (Ed..), Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy,(pp. 181-203). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.
  10. Maynard, R.A., (Ed.). (1996). Kids Having Kids: A Robin Hood Foundation Special Report on the Costs of Adolescent Childbearing, New York: Robin Hood Foundation.
  11. George, R.M., & Lee, B.J. (1997). Abuse and Neglect of Children. In R.A. Maynard (Ed.), Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy (pp. 205-230). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.
  12. Maynard, R.A. (Ed.). (1996). Kids Having Kids: A Robin Hood Foundation Special Report On the Costs of Adolescent Childbearing. New York: Robin Hood Foundation. See also Haveman, R.H., Wolfe, B., & Peterson, E. (1997). Children of Early Childbearers as Young Adults. In R.A. Maynard (Ed.), Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy (pp. 257-284). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.
  13. Moore, K.A., Driscoll, A.K., & Lindberg, L.D. (1998). A Statistical Portrait of Adolescent Sex, Contraception, and Childbearing. Washington, DC: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
  14. EDK Associates for Seventeen magazine and the Ms. Foundation for Women. (1996). Teenagers Under Pressure.
  15. Blum, R.W., & Rinehart, P.M. (1997). Reducing the Risk: Connection That Make a Difference in the Lives of Youth. Minneapolis, MN: Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, University of Minnesota.
  16. Princeton Survey Research Associates for the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals and the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (1997, May). National Omnibus Survey Questions About Teen Pregnancy. Washington, DC: Author.
  17. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (1997). Whatever Happened to Childhood? The Problem of Teen Pregnancy in the United States. Washington, DC: Author.
  18. Alan Guttmacher Institute. (1994). Sex and America's Teenagers. New York and Washington, DC: Author.
  19. Princeton Survey Research Associates for the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (1996, June). The 1996 Kaiser Family Foundation Survey on Teens and Sex: What Teens Today Say They Need to Know, and Who They Listen To. Menlo Park, CA: Author.
  20. Moore, K.A., Driscoll, A.K., & Lindberg, L.D. (1998). A Statistical Portrait of Adolescent Sex, Contraception, and Childbearing. Washington, DC: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
  21. Moore, K.A., Driscoll, A.K., & Lindberg, L.D. (1998). A Statistical Portrait of Adolescent Sex, Contraception, and Childbearing. Washington, DC: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
  22. Premarital Sexual Experience Among Adolescent Women - U.S. 1970-1988. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 39, Nos. 51 & 52, (January, 1991).
  23. Princeton Survey Research Associates for the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (1996, June). The 1996 Kaiser Family Foundation Survey on Teens and Sex: What Teens Today Say They Need to Know, and Who They Listen To. Menlo Park, CA: Author.
  24. Princeton Survey Research Associates for the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (1996, September). " A Review of Public Opinion About Teen Pregnancy." Washington, DC: Author.
  25. EDK Associates for Seventeen magazine and the Ms. Foundation for Women. (1996). Teenagers Under Pressure.

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