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    Korea, North Government 1995

      conventional long form: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
      conventional short form: North Korea
      local long form: Choson-minjujuui-inmin-konghwaguk
      local short form: none
      Abbreviation: DPRK
      Digraph: KN
      Type: Communist state; Stalinist dictatorship

      Capital: P'yongyang
      Administrative divisions: 9 provinces (do, singular and plural) and 3 special cities* (jikhalsi, singular and plural); Chagang-do (Chagang Province), Hamgyong-bukto (North Hamgyong Province), Hamgyong-namdo (South Hamgyong Province), Hwanghae-bukto (North Hwanghae Province), Hwanghae-namdo (South Hwanghae Province), Kaesong-si* (Kaesong City), Kangwon-do (Kangwon Province), Namp'o-si* (Namp'o City), P'yongan-bukto (North P'yongan Province), P'yongan-namdo (South P'yongan Province), P'yongyang-si* (P'yongyang City), Yanggang-do (Yanggang Province)

      Independence: 9 September 1948
      note: 15 August 1945, date of independence from the Japanese and celebrated in North Korea as National Liberation Day
      National holiday: DPRK Foundation Day, 9 September (1948)

      Constitution: adopted 1948, completely revised 27 December 1972, revised again in April 1992

      Legal system: based on German civil law system with Japanese influences and Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
      Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President KIM Il-song (national leader since 1948, president since 28 December 1972); designated successor KIM Chong-il (son of president, born 16 February 1942); election last held 24 May 1990 (next to be held by NA 1995); results - President KIM Il-song was reelected without opposition
      head of government: Premier KANG Song-san (since December 1992)
      cabinet: State Administration Council; appointed by the Supreme People's Assembly

      Legislative branch: unicameral
      Supreme People's Assembly (Ch'oego Inmin Hoeui): elections last held on 7-9 April 1993 (next to be held NA); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (687 total) the KWP approves a single list of candidates who are elected without opposition; minor parties hold a few seats

      Judicial branch: Central Court

      Political parties and leaders: major party - Korean Workers' Party (KWP), KIM Il-song, general secretary, and his son, KIM Chong-il, secretary, Central Committee; Korean Social Democratic Party, KIM Pyong-sik, chairman; Chondoist Chongu Party, YU Mi-yong, chairwoman
      Member of: ESCAP, FAO, G-77, ICAO, IFAD, IMF (observer), IMO, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), IOC, ISO, ITU, LORCS, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation in US: none
      US diplomatic representation: none

      Flag: three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in white; on the hoist side of the red band is a white disk with a red five-pointed star

      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, North on this page is re-published from the 1995 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, North Government 1995 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, North Government 1995 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 09-Aug-02
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