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Turkey


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Turkey

        conventional short form:
        Turkey

        local long form:
        Turkiye Cumhuriyeti

        local short form:
        Turkiye

    • Digraph:
      TU

    • Type:
      republican parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Ankara

    • Administrative divisions:
      73 provinces (iller, singular - il); Adana, Adiyaman, Afyon, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gazi Antep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Icel, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir, Kahraman Maras, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanli Urfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yozgat, Zonguldak

    • Independence:
      29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)

    • National holiday:
      Anniversary of the Declaration of the Republic, 29 October (1923)

    • Constitution:
      7 November 1982

    • Legal system:
      derived from various continental legal systems; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      21 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Suleyman DEMIREL (since 16 May 1993)

        head of government:
        Prime Minister Tansu CILLER (since 5 July 1993); Deputy Prime Minister Hikmet CETIN (since 27 March 1995)

        National Security Council:
        advisory body to the President and the Cabinet

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; appointed by the president on nomination of the prime minister

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Grand National Assembly of Turkey:
        (Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi) elections last held 20 October 1991 (next to be held NA October 1996); results - DYP 27.03%, ANAP 24.01%, SHP 20.75%, RP 16.88%, DSP 10.75%, SBP 0.44%, independent 0.14%; seats - (450 total) DYP 178, ANAP 115, SHP 86, RP 40, MCP 19, DSP 7, other 5

        note:
        seats held by various parties are subject to change due to defections, creation of new parties, and ouster or death of sitting deputies; present seats by party are as follows: DYP 183, ANAP 97, RP 38, CHP 65, MHP 17, BBP 7, DSP 10, YP 3, MP 2, independents 6, vacant 22

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Cassation

    • Political parties and leaders:
      True Path Party (DYP), Tansu CILLER; Motherland Party (ANAP), Mesut YILMAZ; Welfare Party (RP), Necmettin ERBAKAN; Democratic Left Party (DSP), Bulent ECEVIT; Nationalist Action Party (MHP - members also regroup under the name of National Labor Party or MCP), Alparslan TURKES; Socialist Unity Party (SBP), Sadun AREN; New Party (YP), Yusuf Bozkurt OZAL; Republican People's Party (CHP), Hikmet CETIN; note - Social Democrat Populist Party (SHP) has merged with CHP; Workers Party (IP), Dogu PERINCEK; Nation Party (MP), Aykut EDIBALI; Democrat Party (DP), Aydin MENDERES; Grand Unity Party (BBP), Muhsin YAZICIOGLU; Rebirth Party (YDP), Hasan Celal GUZEL; People's Democracy Party (HADEP), Murat BOZLAK; Main Path Party (ANAYOL), Gurcan BASER; Democratic Target Party (DHP), Abdulkadir Yasar TURK; Liberal Party (LP), Besim TIBUK; New Democracy Movement (YDH), Cem BOYNER; Democracy and Change Party (DDP), Ibrahim AKSOY

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      Turkish Confederation of Labor (TURK-IS), Bayram MERAL; Confederation of Revolutionary Workers Unions (DISK), Ridvan BUDAK; Moral Rights Workers Union (HAK-IS), Negati CECIK; Turkish Industrialists' and Businessmen's Association (TUSIAD), Halis KOMILI; Turkish Union of Chambers of Commerce and Commodity Exchanges (TOBB), Yalim EREZ; Turkish Confederation of Employers' Unions (TISK), Refik BAYDUR

    • Member of:
      AsDB, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CERN (observer), EBRD, ECE, ECO, FAO, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NACC, NATO, NEA, OECD, OIC, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNRWA, UPU, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Nuzhet KANDEMIR

        chancery:
        1714 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 659-8200

        consulate(s) general:
        Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Marc GROSSMAN

        embassy:
        110 Ataturk Boulevard, Ankara

        mailing address:
        PSC 93, Box 5000, Ankara; APO AE 09823

        telephone:
        [90] (312) 468-6110 through 6128

        FAX:
        [90] (312) 467-0019

        consulate(s) general:
        Istanbul

        consulate(s):
        Adana

    • Flag:
      red with a vertical white crescent (the closed portion is toward the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside the crescent opening






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