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    Afghanistan Geography - 1989

      Total area: 647,500 km2
      land area: 647,500 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries: 5,826 km total; China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, USSR 2,384 km

      Coastline: none--landlocked

      Maritime claims: none--landlocked

      Disputes: Pashtun question with Pakistan; Baluch question with Iran and Pakistan; periodic disputes with Iran over Helmand water rights; the USSR occupied Afghanistan on 24 December 1979 and departed on 15 February 1989

      Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

      Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

      Natural resources: natural gas, crude oil, coal, copper, talc, barites, sulphur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

      Land use: 12% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 46% meadows and pastures; 3% forest and woodland; 39% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; soil degradation, desertification, overgrazing, deforestation, pollution

      Note: landlocked; narrow and strategic Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor) provides direct access to China and separates Pakistan from USSR

      NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)