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    Argentina Government - 1989

      Long-form name: Argentine Republic

      Type: republic

      Capital: Buenos Aires (tentative plans to move to Viedma by 1990)

      Administrative divisions: 22 provinces (provincias, singular--provincia), 1 national territory* (territorio nacional), and 1 district** (distrito); Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Distrito Federal**, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego and Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur*, Tucuman

      Independence: 9 July 1816 (from Spain)

      Constitution: 1 May 1853

      Legal system: mixture of US and West European legal systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      National holiday: National Day, 25 May (1810)

      Branches: executive (president, vice president, Cabinet); legislative (National Congress--Senate, Chamber of Deputies); national judiciary

      Leader: @m5Chief of State and Head of Government--President Carlos Saul MENEM (since 8 July 1989)

      Suffrage: universal at age 18

      Elections: senate election held November 1986; gubernatorial and congressional elections held 6 September 1987; general election held 14 May 1989

      Political parties: operate under statute passed in 1983 that sets out criteria for participation in national elections; Radical Civic Union (UCR)--moderately left of center; Justicialist Party (JP)--Peronist umbrella political organization; Intransigent Party (PI)--leftist party; Union of the Democratic Center (UCEDE)--conservative party; several provincial parties

      Voting strength: 1987 congressional election--JP 41.4% (107 seats), UCR 37.3% (117 seats), UDC 5.7% (7 seats), PI 2%

      Communists: some 70,000 members in various party organizations, including a small nucleus of activists

      Other political or pressure groups: Peronist-dominated labor movement, General Confederation of Labor (Peronist-leaning umbrella labor organization), Argentine Industrial Union (manufacturers' association), Argentine Rural Society (large landowners' association), business organizations, students, the Roman Catholic Church, the Armed Forces

      Member of: CCC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAC, ICAO, IDA, IDB--Inter-American Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOOC, ISO, ITU, IWC--International Whaling Commission, IWC--International Wheat Council, LAIA, NAM, OAS, PAHO, SELA, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO, WSG

      Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Enrique J. A. CANDIOTI; Chancery at 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington DC 20009; telephone (202) 939-6400 through 6403; there are Argentine Consulates General in Houston, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto Rico), and Consulates in Baltimore, Chicago, and Los Angeles; US--Ambassador Theodore E. GILDRED; Embassy at 4300 Colombia, 1425 Buenos Aires (mailing address is APO Miami 34034); telephone �54� (1) 774-7611 or 8811, 9911

      Flag: three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May

      NOTE: The information regarding Argentina on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Argentina Government 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Argentina Government 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
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