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    Canada Geography - 1989

      Total area: 9,976,140 km2
      land area: 9,220,970 km2

      Comparative area: slightly larger than US

      Land boundaries: 8,893 km with US (includes 2,477 km with Alaska)

      Coastline: 243,791 km

      Maritime claims:
      @m5Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
      @m5Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: maritime boundary disputes with France (St. Pierre and Miquelon) and US

      Climate: varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north

      Terrain: mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast

      Natural resources: nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, crude oil, natural gas

      Land use: 5% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 3% meadows and pastures; 35% forest and woodland; 57% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

      Environment: 80% of population concentrated within 160 km of US border; continuous permafrost in north a serious obstacle to development

      Note: second-largest country in world (after USSR); strategic location between USSR and US via north polar route

      NOTE: The information regarding Canada on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Canada Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Canada Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)