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    Chad People - 1989

      Population: 4,949,132 (July 1989), growth rate 2.3% (1989)

      Birth rate: 42 births/1,000 population (1989)

      Death rate: 22 deaths/1,000 population (1989)

      Net migration rate: 3 migrants/1,000 population (1989)

      Infant mortality rate: 139 deaths/1,000 live births (1989)

      Life expectancy at birth: 38 years male, 40 years female (1989)

      Total fertility rate: 5.3 children born/woman (1989)

      Nationality: noun--Chadian(s); adjective--Chadian

      Ethnic divisions: some 200 distinct ethnic groups, most of whom are Muslims (Arabs, Toubou, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Kanembou, Baguirmi, Boulala, and Maba) in the north and center and non-Muslims (Sara, Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye, Moudang, Moussei, Massa) in the south; some 150,000 nonindigenous, of whom 1,000 are French

      Religion: 44% Muslim, 33% Christian, 23% indigenous beliefs, animism

      Language: French and Arabic (official); Sara and Sango in south; more than 100 different languages and dialects are spoken

      Literacy: 17% (est.)

      Labor force: NA; 85% agriculture (engaged in unpaid subsistence farming, herding, and fishing)

      Organized labor: about 20% of wage labor force

      NOTE: The information regarding Chad on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chad People 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chad People 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)