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    Chile Geography - 1989

      Total area: 756,950 km2
      land area: 748,800 km2
      includes Isla de Pascua (Easter Island) and Isla Sala y Gomez

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

      Land boundaries: 6,171 km total
      Argentina 5,150 km, Bolivia 861 km, Peru 160 km

      Coastline: 6,435 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Contiguous zone: 24 nm @m5Continental shelf: 200 nm
      @m5Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: short section of the boundary with Argentina is indefinite; Bolivia has wanted a sovereign corridor to the South Pacific Ocean since the Atacama area was lost to Chile in 1884; dispute with Bolivia over Rio Lauca water rights; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory)

      Climate: temperate; desert in north; cool and damp in south

      Terrain: low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

      Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum

      Land use: 7% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 16% meadows and pastures; 21% forest and woodland; 56% other; includes 2% irrigated

      Environment: subject to severe earthquakes, active volcanism, tsunami; Atacama Desert one of world's driest regions; desertification

      Note: strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage)

      NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)