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    China People - 1989

      Population: 1,112,298,677 (July 1989), growth rate 1.6% (1989)

      Birth rate: 23 births/1,000 population (1989)

      Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (1989)

      Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1,000 population (1989)

      Infant mortality rate: 34 deaths/1,000 live births (1989)

      Life expectancy at birth: 68 years male, 70 years female (1989)

      Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (1989)

      Nationality: noun--Chinese (sing., pl.); adjective--Chinese

      Ethnic divisions: 93.3% Han Chinese; 6.7% Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities

      Religion: officially atheist, but traditionally pragmatic and eclectic; most important elements of religion are Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism; about 2-3% Muslim, 1% Christian

      Language: Standard Chinese (Putonghua) or Mandarin (based on the Beijing dialect); also Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, and minority languages (see ethnic divisions)

      Literacy: over 75%

      Labor force: 513,000,000; 61.1% agriculture and forestry, 25.2% industry and commerce, 4.6% construction and mining, 4.5% social services, 4.6% other (1986 est.)

      Organized labor: All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) follows the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party; membership over 80 million or about 65% of the urban work force (1985)

      NOTE: The information regarding China on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of China People 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about China People 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)